EPA Science Inventory

Amperometric Carbon Fiber Nitrite Microsensor for In Situ Biofilm Monitoring

Citation:

Lee, W., D. G. Wahman, AND J. G. Pressman. Amperometric Carbon Fiber Nitrite Microsensor for In Situ Biofilm Monitoring. Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical. Elsevier BV, AMSTERDAM, Netherlands, 188:1263-1269, (2013).

Description:

A highly selective needle type solid state amperometric nitrite microsensor based on direct nitrite oxidation on carbon fiber was developed using a simplified fabrication method. The microsensor’s tip diameter was approximately 7 µm, providing a high spatial resolution of at least 20 µm. At an applied potential of +1.2 V vs. Ag/AgCl, the microsensor exhibited a linear nitrite response from 0–25 mg N L–1, a 0.02 mg N L–1 (1.3 µM) limit of detection, and a fast response (< 5 seconds). There was minimal interference with less than 3% of electrode response changes from major chemicals of interest in drinking water and wastewater systems [oxygen, ammonium, monochloramine, nitrate, sodium bicarbonate (alkalinity), chloride, sulfate, and acetate]. Hydrogen ion (pH) affected nitrite measurement by shifting the baseline response, translating into an approximate change of 0.24 mg N L–1 nitrite per 1 pH unit change. Depending on the conditions (e.g., pH, alkalinity, nitrite concentration), pH may need to be taken into account during nitrite measurement. The developed carbon fiber nitrite microsensor successfully measured nitrite in a nitrifying biofilm and is applicable for in situ analysis in other micro–environments (e.g., microbial mats and sediments).

Purpose/Objective:

This research will impact the industry as it introduces a new nitrite microelectrode that will enable industry researchers to measure nitrite in aqueous solutions and biofilm.

URLs/Downloads:

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2013.08.058   Exit

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Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Start Date: 11/01/2013
Completion Date: 11/01/2013
Record Last Revised: 02/25/2014
Record Created: 02/10/2014
Record Released: 02/10/2014
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 268473

Organization:

U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

NATIONAL RISK MANAGEMENT RESEARCH LABORATORY

WATER SUPPLY AND WATER RESOURCES DIVISION

TREATMENT TECHNOLOGY EVALUATION BRANCH