EPA Science Inventory

Polymeric blend nanocomposite membranes for ethanol dehydration-effect of morphology and membrane-solvent interactions

Citation:

Magalad, V. T., G. S. Gokavi, C. Ranganathaiah, M. H. Burshe, C. Han, D. D. Dionysiou, M. N. Nadagouda, AND T. M. Aminabhavi. Polymeric blend nanocomposite membranes for ethanol dehydration-effect of morphology and membrane-solvent interactions. JOURNAL OF MEMBRANE SCIENCE. Elsevier Science Ltd, New York, NY, 430:321-329, (2013).

Description:

Nanocomposite membranes (NCMs) of sodium alginate/poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) blend polymers incorporated with varying concentrations of phosphotungstic acid (H3PW12O40) (PWA) nanoparticles have been prepared and used in ethanol dehydration by the pervaporation (PV) technique. Effects of filler concentration, temperature and feed water composition have been investigated to understand the PV performance of the membranes in terms of separation factor and flux. Surface morphology/energy, free volume, collective and complex range of interactions between the permeants and membranes as well as membrane swelling was studied. Arrhenius activation parameters for diffusion and permeation have been estimated. Membranes were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), atomic force microscopy (AFM), and environmental emission scanning electron microscopy (ESEM). Size of the PWA nanoparticles was determined by particle size analyzer. Surface free energies calculated from contact angles as well as free volume and fractional free volume parameters obtained from positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy (PALS) have been used to understand the membrane transport phenomenon in terms of membrane-permeate interactions.

Purpose/Objective:

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URLs/Downloads:

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2012.12.002   Exit

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Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Start Date: 03/01/2013
Completion Date: 03/01/2013
Record Last Revised: 02/21/2014
Record Created: 02/07/2014
Record Released: 02/07/2014
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 268371

Organization:

U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

NATIONAL RISK MANAGEMENT RESEARCH LABORATORY

WATER SUPPLY AND WATER RESOURCES DIVISION

TREATMENT TECHNOLOGY EVALUATION BRANCH