EPA Science Inventory

Quantitative Determination of Levonorgestrel in Fish Plasma using UPLC-MS/MS

Citation:

Jayaraman, Saro, M. Cantwell, D. Borsay, AND L. Mills. Quantitative Determination of Levonorgestrel in Fish Plasma using UPLC-MS/MS. Presented at Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC) 34th Annual Meeting, Nashville, TN, November 17 - 21, 2013.

Description:

In this study, a sensitive high-performance liquid chromatography electrospray tandem mass spectrometric method was developed for the determination of levonorgestrel in fish plasma using levonorgestrel-d6 as an internal standard (IS). In the laboratory, the fish cunner, (Tautogolabrus adspersus) was dosed by oral gavage with 7.5 mg/kg levonorgestrel in a methylcellulose carrier. Blood was taken from the caudal vein of three individual fish at each sampling time after gavage (15 minutes, 1, 3, 6, 18, 24, 48, 72 and 96 hours), plasma was separated, and samples were stored at -80°C until chemical analysis. To quantify levonorgestrel, 150 µL plasma was extracted by an ether extraction procedure, followed by solid phase purification. Waters Xevo tandem quadrupole mass spectrometer (TQD) with positive electrospray ionization was operated in the multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) for the analysis of levonorgestrel. Extract (10 uL) was injected on Waters BEH C18, 50 mm x 2.1 mm, 1.7 um using water and acetonitrile as the mobile phase. The method was validated over a concentration range of 0.93 and 238 ng mL -1. The transitions of precursor ions were m/z 313→109 for levonorgestrel and m/z for 319→251 for IS. The mean recovery of levonorgestrel from plasma (n =3) was 83.5% and 88.2% for IS. Matrix Effect (ME) was measured using the post-extraction spiked method and was calculated to be 70%. Results show the levonorgestrel concentration in plasma peaked at 0.8% of the gavage amount at three hours after treatment, and then gradually declined.

Purpose/Objective:

Detection of progestins in non-target species in aquatic environment.

URLs/Downloads:

SJ_SETAC2013_FINAL ABSTRACT.PDF   (PDF,NA pp, 71.292 KB,  about PDF)

Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (PRESENTATION/POSTER)
Completion Date: 01/28/2014
Record Last Revised: 01/28/2014
Record Created: 01/28/2014
Record Released: 01/28/2014
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 267588

Organization:

U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

NATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS RESEARCH LAB

ATLANTIC ECOLOGY DIVISION

HABITATS EFFECT BRANCH