EPA Science Inventory

Adverse outcome pathways (AOPs): A framework to support predictive toxicology

Citation:

Villeneuve, D. Adverse outcome pathways (AOPs): A framework to support predictive toxicology. Presented at FutureTox II Contemporary Concepts in Toxicology (CCT) Conference, Chapel Hill, NC, January 16 - 17, 2014.

Description:

High throughput and in silico methods are providing the regulatory toxicology community with capacity to rapidly and cost effectively generate data concerning a chemical’s ability to initiate one or more biological perturbations that may culminate in an adverse ecological or human health outcome. However, translation of those data into scientifically-defensible predictions of outcome that help support regulatory decision-making depends on the ability to efficiently access and assemble the wealth of accumulated toxicological evidence and biological understanding distributed throughout the scientific community. Adverse outcome pathways (AOPs) are frameworks for organizing knowledge in a manner that supports the extrapolation of mechanistic data, often measured at low levels of biological organization, into regulatory outcomes of concern, typically observed at higher levels of biological organization. By representing the progression of a toxicological insult as a sequence of measurable key events and assembling the weight of evidence supporting biologically-plausible predictive or cause-effect relationships between those key events, one defines both the scientific basis for extrapolation among those key events and specific endpoints that can be measured to test the veracity of AOP-based predictions. This presentation provides an introduction to the adverse outcome pathway framework and illustrates its application to support the use of predictive approaches in regulatory toxicology.

Purpose/Objective:

not applicable

URLs/Downloads:

VILLENEUVE ABSTRACT .PDF   (PDF,NA pp, 185.65 KB,  about PDF)

Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (PRESENTATION/SLIDE)
Completion Date: 01/21/2014
Record Last Revised: 01/21/2014
Record Created: 01/21/2014
Record Released: 01/21/2014
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 267052

Organization:

U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

NATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS RESEARCH LAB

MID-CONTINENT ECOLOGY DIVISION