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Trophic Status, Ecological Condition and Cyanobacteria Risk of New England Lakes and Ponds Based on Aircraft Remote Sensing.
Keith, D., Bryan Milstead, H. Walker, H. Snook, J. Szykman, M. Wusk, L. Kagey, C. Howell, C. Mellanson, AND C. Drueke. Trophic Status, Ecological Condition and Cyanobacteria Risk of New England Lakes and Ponds Based on Aircraft Remote Sensing. Journal of Applied Remote Sensing. SPIE/International Society for Optical Engineering, Bellingham, WA, 6(1):063577-1 - 063577-22, (2012).
Aircraft remote sensing of freshwater ecosystems offers federal and state monitoring agencies an ability to meet their assessment requirements by rapidly acquiring information on ecosystem responses to environmental change for water bodies that are below the resolution of space-based platforms. During this study, hyperspectral data were collected over a two day period from glacial lakes, ponds, and man-made reservoirs in New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island. These lakes ranged from five to greater than sixteen hundred hectares and oligotrophic-mesotrophic to eutrophic and hypereutrophic conditions. Water samples were collected by several New England state agencies coincident with the airborne remote-sensing flights to provide ground reference data for algorithm development and testing. Using an inverse modeling approach remotely sensed reflectances from the near infrared to red portion of the spectrum were used to develop an empirical model to estimate chlorophyll a concentrations. The accuracy of the algorithm was assessed from the RSM error of predicted and measured chlorophyll values for all lakes sampled. Results showed a strong statistical relationship between measured and predicted values. The predicted chlorophyll concentrations were used to assess the biological condition, trophic status, and recreational risk to human health for the New England lakes and ponds surveyed.
This study proves that environmental assessments of lake trophic state, biological condition, and cyanobacteria risk to human health are possible with remotely sensed-airborne radiometer systems. This study found that a semi-empirical approach for retrieving chlorophyll a pigment concentrations from aquatic spectral data proved to be robust for a variety of New England freshwater systems ranging from oligotrophic to hypereutrophic states. This study represents an initial step for incorporating remotely sensed data into the creation of sustainable monitoring strategies for New England lakes and ponds by regulatory agencies and for conducting rapid assessments of condition, trophic status and risk to human health of individual lakes and ponds.
Record Details:Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Organization:U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
NATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS RESEARCH LAB
ATLANTIC ECOLOGY DIVISION
MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT BRANCH