EPA Science Inventory

Journal Article: Localized Pleural Thickening: Smoking and Exposure to Libby Vermiculite

Citation:

CHRISTENSEN, K. L. AND L. KOPYLEV. Journal Article: Localized Pleural Thickening: Smoking and Exposure to Libby Vermiculite. Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology . Nature Publishing Group, London, Uk, 22:320-323, (2012).

Description:

There is limited research on the combined effects of smoking and asbestos exposure on risk of localized pleural thickening (LPT). This analysis uses data from the Marysville cohort of workers occupationally exposed to Libby amphibole asbestos (LAA). Workers were interviewed to obtain work and health history (including ever/never smoking), including chest X rays. Cumulative exposure estimates were developed based on fiber measurements from the plant and work history. Benchmark concentration (BMC) methodology was used to evaluate the exposure-response relationship for exposure to LAA and a 10% increased risk of LPT, considering potential confounders and statistical model forms. There were 12 LPT cases among 118 workers in the selected study population. The mean exposure was 0.42 (SD=0.77) fibers/cc-year, and the prevalence smoking history was 75.0% among cases, and 51.9% among non-cases. When controlling for LAA exposure, smoking history was of borderline statistical significance (p value = 0.099), and its inclusion improved model fit, as measured by AIC. The BMC and corresponding lower limit (BMCL) were 0.36 and 0.13 fiber-yr/cc, overall. The BMCL for non-smokers was twice as high (0.26 fiber-yr/cc) as that for the full cohort, while the BMCL for smokers was about 1/3 that of the full cohort (0.04 fiber-yr/cc).

Purpose/Objective:

Publication

Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Start Date: 11/14/2012
Completion Date: 11/14/2012
Record Last Revised: 11/05/2014
Record Created: 01/24/2012
Record Released: 01/24/2012
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 240848

Organization:

U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

NATIONAL CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT

WASHINGTON DC

QUANTITATIVE AND RISK METHODS GROUP