EPA Science Inventory

A SIMPLE APPROACH TO ASSESSING COPPER PITTING CORROSION TENDENCIES AND DEVELOPING CONTROL STRATEGIES

Citation:

LYTLE, D. A., D. WILLIAMS, AND C. P. WHITE. A SIMPLE APPROACH TO ASSESSING COPPER PITTING CORROSION TENDENCIES AND DEVELOPING CONTROL STRATEGIES. JOURNAL OF WATER SUPPLY: RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY - AQUA. IWA Publishing, London, Uk, 61(3):164-175, (2012).

Description:

Localized corrosion of copper premise plumbing in drinking water distribution systems can lead to pinhole leaks, which are a growing problem for many homeowners. Despite the fact that water quality is an important factor associated with localized copper corrosion, definitive approaches for predicting the tendency of water to support localized corrosion as well as for assessing water treatment options to address problems are currently not available. The objective of this research was to determine the effectiveness of a simple pipe loop system, installed in a drinking water distribution system, in order to predict localized copper corrosion and to assess treatment alternatives in drinking water. Visual examination of the internal surface of copper pipes positioned in the loop revealed signs of localized corrosion (isolated 3 mm diameter mounds of corrosion by-products) after only 72 days. Examination of pipe sections removed from the loops after 101 days clearly showed that localized corrosion was taking place. Cross-section analysis of the pipe showed pits as deep as 0.150 mm that were covered by a thin membrane and a mound of blue-green corrosion products. An ortho- and poly-phosphate blended chemical fed to a second pipe loop, preventing pitting attack, and producing different corrosion by-products. The study showed that simple, inexpensive copper pipe loops can be useful in predicting pitting tendencies of drinking water and in assessing the effectiveness of treatment alternatives.

Purpose/Objective:

To inform the public.

URLs/Downloads:

A SIMPLE APPROACH TO ASSESSING COPPER PITTING CORROSION TENDENCIES AND DEVELOPING CONTROL STRATEGIES   Exit

Website   Exit

Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Start Date: 05/15/2012
Completion Date: 05/15/2012
Record Last Revised: 07/17/2012
Record Created: 12/22/2011
Record Released: 12/22/2011
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 240185

Organization:

U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

NATIONAL RISK MANAGEMENT RESEARCH LABORATORY

WATER SUPPLY AND WATER RESOURCES DIVISION

TREATMENT TECHNOLOGY EVALUATION BRANCH