EPA Science Inventory

Elucidation of Adverse Bioactivity Profiles as Predictors of Toxicity Potential

Citation:

HOUCK, K. A. Elucidation of Adverse Bioactivity Profiles as Predictors of Toxicity Potential. Presented at 17th Annual Conference of Society for Biomolecular Sciences, Orlando, FL, March 27 - 31, 2011.

Description:

Toxicity testing in vitro remains a formidable challenge due to lack of understanding of key molecular targets and pathways underlying many pathological events. The combination of genome sequencing and widespread application of high-throughput screening tools have provided the means to extensively explore the interactions of small molecules with many potential targets of toxicity. Through the ToxCast program, we have evaluated the effects of a diverse set of environmental chemicals with known in vivo toxicities on a diverse array of molecular targets and pathways using biochemical assays focusing on numerous protein super-families as well as with cellular assays looking at effects on a variety of signaling pathways and phenotypic endpoints. Initial results included identification of unique bioactivity profiles that correlated with animal toxicity endpoints including liver cancer, developmental and reproductive toxicity and disruption of vasculogenesis. To increase our coverage of potential toxicity targets we have expanded our assay diversity to include screens focused on critical signaling pathway nodes. In addition, we have broadened the chemical diversity beyond our initial focus on pesticides to encompass many classes of chemicals of environmental significance. Importantly, we also included a collection of human pharmaceuticals and drug candidates that failed during clinical development or post-launch due to toxicity issues. These compounds may serve to bridge species differences between standard laboratory models and human effects. Preliminary results show that differences between environmental chemicals and pharmaceuticals lay primarily in differences in potency with both groups of chemicals showing relatively wide target promiscuity. Collation of the in vivo toxicity information for both environmental chemicals and pharmaceuticals in to a relational database is underway and will serve as an anchor for developing new models correlating in vitro bioactivity profiles with in vivo, adverse endpoints. [This work was reviewed by U.S. EPA and approved for publication but does not necessarily reflect official Agency policy].

Purpose/Objective:

To increase our coverage of potential toxicity targets we have expanded our assay diversity to include screens focused on critical signaling pathway nodes. In addition, we have broadened the chemical diversity beyond our initial focus on pesticides to encompass many classes of chemicals of environmental significance. Importantly, we also included a collection of human pharmaceuticals and drug candidates that failed during clinical development or post-launch due to toxicity issues. These compounds may serve to bridge species differences between standard laboratory models and human effects. Preliminary results show that differences between environmental chemicals and pharmaceuticals lay primarily in differences in potency with both groups of chemicals showing relatively wide target promiscuity. Collation of the in vivo toxicity information for both environmental chemicals and pharmaceuticals in to a relational database is underway and will serve as an anchor for developing new models correlating in vitro bioactivity profiles with in vivo, adverse endpoints.

URLs/Downloads:

Elucidation of Adverse Bioactivity Profiles as Predictors of Toxicity Potential   (PDF,NA pp, 11 KB,  about PDF)

Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (PRESENTATION/ABSTRACT)
Start Date: 03/31/2011
Completion Date: 03/31/2011
Record Last Revised: 09/13/2012
Record Created: 01/05/2011
Record Released: 01/05/2011
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 232351

Organization:

U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

NATIONAL CENTER FOR COMPUTATIONAL TOXICOLOGY

IMMEDIATE OFFICE