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A Comprehensive Investigation of Copper Pitting Corrosion in a Drinking Water Distribution System
LYTLE, D. A. AND M. Nadagouda. A Comprehensive Investigation of Copper Pitting Corrosion in a Drinking Water Distribution System. Corrosion Science. Elsevier BV, AMSTERDAM, Netherlands, 52(6):1927-1938, (2010).
Copper pipe pitting is a complicated corrosion process for which exact causes and solutions are uncertain. This paper presents the findings of a comprehensive investigation of a cold water copper pitting corrosion problem in a drinking water distribution system, including a refined process for preparing exhumed copper pipes for solids analysis. The investigation produced detailed structural, morphological and elemental details of copper pitting that strongly corroborated previous observations and theoretical models, and revealed new findings. For example, cross-sections revealed three components: the cap, characterized by two basic copper sulfate minerals; the cuprite membrane; and the pit containing cuprite crystals, and chloride. Tenorite was uniformly found only on the surface of hot water pipes, and may be important in explaining their lack of pitting.
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URLs/Downloads:A COMPREHENSIVE INVESTIGATION OF COPPER PITTING CORROSION IN A DRINKING WATER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM Exit
Record Details:Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Organization:U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
NATIONAL RISK MANAGEMENT RESEARCH LABORATORY
WATER SUPPLY AND WATER RESOURCES DIVISION
TREATMENT TECHNOLOGY EVALUATION BRANCH