You are here:
TRACER DISPERSION STUDIES FOR HYDRAULIC CHARACTERIZATION OF PIPES
PANGULURI, S., Y. J. YANG, R. HAUGHT, R. M. CLARK, R. KRISHNAN, AND D. SCHUPP. TRACER DISPERSION STUDIES FOR HYDRAULIC CHARACTERIZATION OF PIPES. In Proceedings, ASCE 2007 World Environment and Water Resources Congress, Restoring our natural Habitat, Tampa, FL, May 15 - 19, 2007. American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), Reston, VA, 501, (2007).
A series of experiments were conducted at the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Test & Evaluation (T&E) Facility in Cincinnati, Ohio, to quantify longitudinal dispersion of a sodium fluoride tracer in polyvinyl chloride (PVC) pipe and ductile iron pipe under laminar, transitional, and turbulent flow conditions. The tracer injection durations were varied at different flow conditions to study their impacts on the tracer transport characteristics. Pitottube type sampling ports were built into the pipe systems to study the in-pipe behavior of the tracer and identify the optimal sampling position. Preliminary tests confirmed the linear relationship between conductivity and fluoride, as published in previous EPA studies (Boccelli et al., 2004, Panguluri et al., 2005). Thereafter, conductivity (measured using online sensors) was used to characterize the dispersion and diffusion of the tracer material. The experiments indicate that the amount of tracer measured decreased with increase in flow rate regardless of pipe material. This observation supports the theory that there may be an increase in adsorption/reaction phenomena observed with increases in velocity. This result, if confirmed with the upcoming chlorine/chloramine disinfectant kinetic studies, may have an impact on how distribution systems are operated and modeled.
URLs/Downloads:TRACER DISPERSION STUDIES FOR HYDRAULIC CHARACTERIZATION OF PIPES Exit
164843.PDF (PDF,NA pp, 292 KB, about PDF)
Record Details:Record Type: DOCUMENT (PAPER IN NON-EPA PROCEEDINGS)
Organization:U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
NATIONAL RISK MANAGEMENT RESEARCH LABORATORY
WATER SUPPLY AND WATER RESOURCES DIVISION
WATER QUALITY MANAGEMENT BRANCH