YODER, C. Technology Performance Summary for Chemical Detection Instruments. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, EPA/600/S-09/015, 2009.
Sixteen Instruments Tested to Determine Their Capability to Screen Samples Submitted to an All Hazards Receipt Facility (AHRF)-- All Hazards Receipt Facilities (AHRFs) were developed to prescreen for chemical, radiochemical, and explosive hazards in samples collected during suspected terrorist attacks. The technologies (i.e., instruments) used in AHRFs are intended to screen samples prior to a full analysis, helping protect responders, laboratory workers, and others from potential injury. Evaluations of these technologies are summarized in two technology evaluation reports: 1) Testing of Screening Technologies for Detection of Chemical Warfare Agents in All Hazards Receipt Facilities (CWAs) 2) Testing of Screening Technologies for Detection of Toxic Industrial Chemicals in All Hazards Receipt Facilities (TICs) The chemicals included in the reports were chosen because they might be used during, or develop as a by-product from, a terrorist attack. The screening technologies are intended: • To be rapid and qualitative • To be simple to use and of relatively low cost • To indicate if samples contain hazardous chemicals of concern. Not all of the technologies evaluated were deemed suitable for the AHRF, although they might be useful for on scene responders.