EPA Science Inventory

Synthesis: Estuaries Under Stress

Citation:

JORDAN, S. J. Synthesis: Estuaries Under Stress. Chapter 14, Stephen J. Jordan (ed.), Estuaries: Classification, Ecology, and Human Impacts. Nova Science Publishers, Inc, Hauppauge, NY, , 335-340, (2012).

Description:

Final chapter of book "Estuaries: Classification, Ecology, and Human Impacts

Purpose/Objective:

Estuaries are subject to stresses that originate from intensive human activities in the proximal estuarine environment and in watersheds that drain to the coastal zone. These stresses are summarized here, with examples from this book and the scientific literature. To sustain the many benefits that estuaries provide to society, and to restore those that have been lost, will require better decisions than have been made in the past. Management and policy will need to be more proactive and less reactive, deal with upstream causes to relieve downstream effects, and account for a full range of ecosystem services in the economic balance of costs and benefits

URLs/Downloads:

Synthesis: Estuaries Under Stress   Exit

Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (BOOK CHAPTER)
Start Date: 05/11/2012
Completion Date: 05/11/2012
Record Last Revised: 02/05/2013
Record Created: 07/19/2011
Record Released: 07/19/2011
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 236922

Organization:

U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

NATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS RESEARCH LAB

GULF ECOLOGY DIVISION

IMMEDIATE OFFICE