EPA Science Inventory

APICAL LOCATION OF FERROPORTIN 1 IN AIRWAY EPITHELIA AND ITS ROLE IN IRON DETOXIFICATION IN THE LUNG

Citation:

YANG, F., D. HAILE, X. WANG, L. A. DAILEY, J. STONEHUERNER, AND A. J. GHIO. APICAL LOCATION OF FERROPORTIN 1 IN AIRWAY EPITHELIA AND ITS ROLE IN IRON DETOXIFICATION IN THE LUNG. Taylor & Francis (ed.), INHALATION TOXICOLOGY. Taylor & Francis, Inc., Philadelphia, PA, 9(1):L14-23, (2005).

Description:

Ferroportin 1 (FPN1; aka MTP1, IREG1, and SLC40A1), which was originally identified as a basolateral iron transporter crucial for nutritional iron absorption in the intestine, is expressed in airway epithelia and upregulated when these cells are exposed to iron. Using immunofluorescence labeling and confocal microscopic imaging techniques, we demonstrate that in human and rodent lungs, FPN1 localizes subcellularly to the apical but not basolateral membrane of the airway epithelial cells. The role of airway epithelial cells in iron mobilization in the lung was studied in an in vitro model of the polarized airway epithelium. Normal human bronchial epithelial cells, grown on membrane supports until differentiated, were exposed to iron, and the efficiency and direction of iron transportation were studied. We found that these cells can efficiently take up iron across the apical but not basolateral surface in a concentration-dependent manner. Most of the iron taken up by the cells is then released into the medium within 8 h in the form of less reactive protein-bound complexes including ferritin and transferrin. Interestingly, iron release also occurred across the apical but not basolateral membrane. Our findings indicate that FPN1, depending on its subcellular location, could have distinct functions in iron homeostasis in different cells and tissues. Although it is responsible for exporting nutrient iron from enterocytes to the circulation in the intestine, it could play a role in iron detoxification in airway epithelial cells in the lung.

Purpose/Objective:

research results

Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Start Date: 03/04/2005
Completion Date: 03/04/2005
Record Last Revised: 07/12/2008
Record Created: 07/11/2005
Record Released: 07/11/2005
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 135692

Organization:

U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

NATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS RESEARCH LAB

HUMAN STUDIES DIVISION

CLINICAL RESEARCH BRANCH