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HOW PROBABILITY SURVEY DATA CAN HELP INTEGRATE 305(B) AND 303(D MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT OF STATE WATERS
Brown, B S., N E. Detenbeck, AND R. Eskin. HOW PROBABILITY SURVEY DATA CAN HELP INTEGRATE 305(B) AND 303(D MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT OF STATE WATERS. ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT 103:41-57, (2005).
Section 305(b) of the Clean Water Act requires states to assess the overall quality of waters in the states, while Section 303(d) requires states to develop a list of the specific waters in their state not attaining water quality standards (a.k.a impaired waters). An integrated, efficient and cost-effective process is needed to acquire and assess the data needed to meet both these mandates. Presentations at the 2002 EMAP Symposium provided information about data, tools and methods used by states and other entities to aid in development of their overall assessment of condition and list of impaired waters. Discussion identified some of the technical and institutional problems that hinder use of EMAP methods and data in the analysis to identify impaired waters as well as development needs to overcome these problems.
Record Details:Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Organization:U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
NATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS RESEARCH LAB
ATLANTIC ECOLOGY DIVISION
ECOLOGICAL RESPONSE BRANCH