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Residential Post-Application Exposure Monitoring

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Abstract:Methods of measurement of pesticide exposures can be separated into two categories: direct and indirect (Briston et al., 1984, Nigg et al. 1990). Direct methods measure a pesticide residue in environmental media or on the skin surface before it has entered the body in order to estimate the potential dose. Indirect methods estimate the minimum absorbed dose by measuring residues in excreta, body fluids, or tissue after exposure has occurred. Examples of direct methods are those that determine residues in the air, water, on surfaces, and in food. Indirect methods may involve determination of the levels of specific pesticides, their metabolites, or biological indicators (biomarkers), such as a protein- or DNA-adducts, in blood, urine, feces, sputum, sebum, cerumen, or adipose tissue. This chapter covers direct measurement methods only.

This product is a book chapter published December 1, 2004. CITATION: Lewis, R.G. Residential Post-Application Exposure Monitoring. Chapter 3, J.P. Worgan and C.A. Franklin (ed.), Occupational and Incidental Residential Exposure Assessment. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, UK, 71-128, (2004).
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Citation:Lewis, R. G. Residential Post-Application Exposure Monitoring.J. P. Worgan and C. A. Franklin (ed.), Occupational and Incidental Residential Exposure Assessment, Chapter3. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, (2004).
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Contact: Liz Hope - (919) 541-2785 or hope.elizabeth@epa.gov
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Division: Human Exposure & Atmospheric Sciences Division
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Branch: Exposure Methods & Monitoring Branch
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Product Type: Book Chaptr
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Published: 12/01/2004
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Downloads:
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Bullet Item Residential Post-Application Exposure Monitoring
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Related Entries:
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Bullet Item Development and Application of Methods to Assess Human Exposure to Pesticides
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Last Updated on Monday, October 22, 2007
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