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Multi-Site Evaluations of Candidate Methodologies for Determining Coarse Particulate Matter (Pmc) Concentrations

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Abstract:Comprehensive field studies were conducted to evaluate the performance of sampling methods for measuring the coarse fraction of PM10 in ambient air. Five separate sampling approaches were evaluated at each of three sampling sites. As the primary basis of comparison, a discrete difference method was used which employs two designated FRM samplers, one to measure PM2.5 and the other PM10. The numerical difference of these reference method concentrations (PM10-PM2.5) represented an estimate of PMc. A second sampling approach involved a sequential dichotomous sampler, which provided both PM2.5 and PMc measurements. In both of these filter-based, time-integrated measurement approaches, the collected aerosol mass was analyzed gravimetrically in the laboratory under controlled conditions. Three continuous coarse particle samplers that measure PMc directly with a time resolution of 1 hour or less were also evaluated. One such sampler was a commercially available system based on beta attenuation, the second was based on TEOM technology. Both of these measurement approaches used dichotomous virtual impactors for separating fine and coarse particles. The third real-time sampler evaluated was an aerodynamic particle sizer (APS) that measures the aerodynamic diameter of individual particles, calculates the mass of the particle based on an assumed particle density, then sums the mass within the size range of interest to estimate the PMc mass concentration.

Sampling sites and timing of the studies were selected to provide diverse challenges to the samplers with respect to aerosol concentration, aerosol particle size distribution, and aerosol composition. Results from performance evaluations of the candidate PMc samplers at Gary, IN, Phoenix, AZ, and Riverside, CA will be presented.

This paper has been reviewed in accordance with the United States Environmental Protection Agency's peer and administrative review policies and approved for presentation and publication. Mention of trade names or commercial products does not constitute endorsement or recommendation by the Agency.
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Citation:Vanderpool, R., T. G. Ellestad, M. K. Harmon, T. Hanley, R. Scheffe, E. Hunike, P. A. Solomon, R. Murdoch, S. Natarajan, C. A. Noble, J. Ambs, G. Sem, and J. Tisch. Multi-Site Evaluations of Candidate Methodologies for Determining Coarse Particulate Matter (Pmc) Concentrations. Presented at Symposium of Air Quality Measurement Methods and Technology, Research Triangle Park, NC, April 20-22, 2004EPA/600/A-04/059 (NTIS PB-2004-106818).
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Contact: Liz Hope - (919) 541-2785 or hope.elizabeth@epa.gov
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Division: Human Exposure & Atmospheric Sciences Division
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Branch: Process Modeling Research Branch
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Product Type: Sympos/Conf
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Presented: 04/21/2004
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Related Entries:
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Bullet Item PM: Research Methods for PM Toxic Compounds Particle Methods Evaluation and Development
spacer Relationship Reason:   A Project of the Product
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Last Updated on Monday, October 22, 2007
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