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Exposure Assessment Findings from the Tampa Asthmatic Children's Study (Tacs)

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Abstract: The Tampa Asthmatic Children's Study (TACS) was a pilot study that focused on developing and evaluating air pollution exposure assessment methods and participant recruiting tools. The four-week study was performed in October and November, 2003. The study involved repeated daily personal, residential, and ambient air pollution measurements for a cohort of nine children. Measurements were taken to determine the microenvironmental concentrations of combustion-related products (CRP), particulate matter (PM), and some air toxics. A portable "lunch box" was developed that permitted air in close proximity to the young child (personal) to be continuously monitored. The lunch box was designed to fully contain all of the active and passive sampling devices needed for personal monitoring of each child in a safe and effective manner. The lunch box had to be lightweight, quiet, and portable so that it would be easy to move the box and keep it near their child at all times. Participating children were clinically diagnosed as being asthmatics, +/- 5 years of age, and lived in single family dwellings with nonsmoking parents. They were recruited through a broad-based campaign consisting of public notices, physician and community contacts. The study involved 24-hour integrated PM2.5 and PM10 mass measurements over four consecutive days for each participant. Real-time measurement of PM2.5 mass concentrations were collected using the MIE-pDR nephelometer. These measures and the activities recorded in a daily dairy will be used to correlate the child's personal PM exposure with their activities and the microenvironments where they spend time. Concentrations of a number of criteria pollutants (CO, SO2, NO2, O3) were also measured. Data collection for the study has been completed and an initial data analysis has been performed. Mean daily personal, residential indoor, residential outdoor, and ambient PM2.5 mass concentrations were 12.5, 9.3, 11.3, and 12.7 ug/m3, respectively. Personal PM2.5 mass concentrations ranged from 6.1 to 26.1ug/m3. Specific source events such as exposure to cooking aerosols, household cleaning events, and riding in an automobile were determined to contribute to the children's total personal PM exposure. Personal and residential indoor concentrations of criteria pollutants were determined to below the national ambient air quality standards for all participants.

This is an abstract of a proposed presentation and does not necessarily reflect the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) policy. The actual presentation has not been peer reviewed by the EPA. Mention of trade names or commercial products does not constitute endorsement or recommendation for use.
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Citation:Williams, R. W., C. Stevens, K. W. Leovic, F. L. Chen, A. F. Vette, R. L. Seila, W. E. Amos, L. S. Sheldon, C. Rodes, J. Thornburg, and C. Croghan. Exposure Assessment Findings from the Tampa Asthmatic Children's Study (Tacs). Presented at International Society of Exposure Analysis 14th Annual Conference, Philadelphia, PA, October 17-21, 2004.
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Contact: Liz Hope - (919) 541-2785 or hope.elizabeth@epa.gov
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Division: Human Exposure & Atmospheric Sciences Division
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Branch: Exposure Measurements & Analysis Branch
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Product Type: Abstrct/Oral
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Presented: 10/19/2004
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Related Entries:
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Bullet Item Field Studies to Identify and Quantify Factors That Effect Microenvironmental Concentrations and Exposures
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Last Updated on Monday, October 22, 2007
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