Skip common site navigation and headers
United States Environmental Protection Agency
Exposure Research
Begin Hierarchical Links EPA Home > Research & Development > Exposure Research > Publications/Presentations > End Hierarchical Links

 

Analysis of Aeromonas By Mass Spectrometry: Speciation and Virulence Factors

spacer
spacer
Abstract:Introduction:

A number of bacteria, including Aeromonas hydrophila, are listed on the Environmental Protection Agency's 1998 Contaminant Candidate List (CCL) as research needs. One research priority designated by the CCL is the identification of virulence activity factor relationships (VFARs). VFARs may provide a more rapid means of identifying waterborne pathogens than the current process which relies on exposure and health effects as the two primary categories for screening potential microbial drinking water contaminants. The first step in the research project is to obtain the MALDI-MS spectra of the available virulent and avirulent species/strains of Aeromonas, and identify the masses which are unique to virulent Aeromonas species and strains.

Methods and Instrumentation:

Chosen ATCC strains and field samples of the microorganism were plated onto 5% sheep blood agar plate and incubated for 16 hr at 35 C. The cells were subsequently harvested, and the optical density of the solutions were then adjusted to an O.D.600 of 0.5. The harvested cells were then washed three times with water.
A 1 L aliquot of the bacterial sample was applied to the target and allowed to air dry before an 1.5 L aliquot of sinapinic acid matrix was overlaid on top. All spectra were generated on a Bruker BiFlex III MALDI-MS, operated in positive linear mode. The spectra for all samples was obtained by summing four scans of a 100 shots.

Preliminary Data:

The long range goal of this project is to identify novel virulence factors for Aeromonas using ESI-MS and MALDI-MS. In the process, the mass spectral fingerprints obtained can be used to determine if rapid species/strain differentiation is possible using MALDI-MS. Nine species of Aeromonas have been analyzed by MALDI-MS. The procedure provides a unique mass spectral fingerprint for each of the chosen isolates. The spectra obtained allow identification of the species differentiation in the genus Aeromonas. Unique masses were observed in each of the Aeromonas isolates providing a mean to differentiate between Aeromonas species by MALDI-MS. To test the method, a blind study was done using field samples. The MALDI analysis of the field samples was able to correctly identify all the Aeromonas species/isolates previously identified by PCR analysis. Further research is being conducted on identifying the proteins unique to virulent Aeromonas using these MALDI-MS mass spectral fingerprints.
spacer
Citation:Donohue, M. J., J. A. Shoemaker, A. W. Smallwood, and M. R. Rodgers. Analysis of Aeromonas By Mass Spectrometry: Speciation and Virulence Factors. Presented at 52nd ASMS Conference, Nashville, TN, May 22-27, 2004.
spacer
spacer
Contact: Mary P. O'Bryant - (919)-541-4871 or obriant.mary@epa.gov
spacer
Division: Microbiological & Chemical Exposure Assessment Division
spacer
Branch: Chemical Exposure Research Branch
spacer
Product Type: Abstrct/Oral
spacer
Presented: 05/22/2004
spacer
Related Entries:
spacer
Bullet Item Strain Differentiation and Viability/Infectivity Determination By Maldi/MS and Esi/MS of Viruses, Bacteria, and Protozoa
spacer Relationship Reason:   A Project of the Product
spacer
spacer
spacer

 

ORD Home | Search EPA | Search NERL | Search EIMS | Contacts | Help

 
Begin Site Footer

EPA Home | Privacy and Security Notice | Contact Us

Last Updated on Monday, October 22, 2007
URL: http://cfpub.epa.gov