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Supplement to EPA Compendium Method to-15 Reduction of Method Detection Limits to Meet Vapor Intrusion Monitoring Needs

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Abstract: The Supplement to EPA Compendium Method TO-15 provides guidance for reducing the method detection limit (MDL) for the compound 1,1- dichloroethene (1,1-DCE) and for other volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from 0.5 ppbv, as cited in Method TO-15, to much lower concentrations. Revisions to the original wording of Method TO-15 were made where the original language proved limiting to the goal of extending Method TO-15 to low pptv levels or where minor omissions were observed. Also, recommendations in the form of additions were made on aspects of laboratory procedure deemed critical to low-pptv-level analysis. Specifically, the MDL for 1,1 DCE was determined to be 6 pptv. During this effort, a capability for preparing 1,1-DCE sample concentrations of 30 pptv and 60 pptv in ambient air was developed. Using this capability and the capability to prepare samples of humidified zero air, samples were prepared in canisters and sent to three contract laboratories as unknowns. Subsequent comparison of results indicated close agreement among the laboratories while maintaining the performance standards for replicate precision (25%) and audit accuracy (30%) originally specified in Method TO-15. The following compounds were also detected at low levels in canisters filled with spiked ambient air: chloroethene, dichloromethane, cis-1,2-dichloroethene, trichloromethane, 1,2-dichloroethane, benzene, 1,1,1-trichloroethane, trichloroethene , and tetrachloroethene. Since the different laboratories employed different analytical procedures, the use of a performance-based method appears justified.

Although this work was reviewed by EPA and approved for publication, it may not necessaryly reflect official Agency policy. This is an abstract of a proposed presentation and does not necessarily reflect the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) policy. The actual presentation has not been peer reviewed by EPA. Mention of trade names or commercial products does not constitute endorsement or recommendation for use.
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Citation:Daughtrey Jr., E. H., K. D. Oliver, H. H. Jacumin Jr., and W. A. Mcclenny. Supplement to EPA Compendium Method to-15 Reduction of Method Detection Limits to Meet Vapor Intrusion Monitoring Needs. Presented at Symposium on Air Quality Measurement Methods and Technology, Research Triangle Park, NC, April 20-22, 2004.
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Contact: Liz Hope - (919) 541-2785 or hope.elizabeth@epa.gov
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Division: Human Exposure & Atmospheric Sciences Division
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Branch: Process Modeling Research Branch
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Product Type: Abstrct/Oral
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Presented: 04/21/2004
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Related Entries:
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Bullet Item Improvement in Air Toxics Methods for Volatile Organic Compounds
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Last Updated on Monday, October 22, 2007
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