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Development of Multiplex Rt-Pcr for the Detection of Reovirus, Hepatitis a Virus, Poliovirus, Norwalk Virus and Rotavirus

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Abstract:Water sources are often found to be contaminated by enteric viruses. This is a public health concern as food and waterborne outbreaks caused by enteric viruses such as noroviruses, rotaviruses, hepatitis A virus (HAV) and enteroviruses are a common occurrence. All of these viruses are transmitted by the oral-fecal route. Cell culture detection of these viruses is time consuming and not possible for viruses that cannot be cultured (for example, noroviruses). Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assays are commonly used for detection of human enteric viruses in environmental water samples. RT-PCR provides a means to detect low levels of these viruses rapidly. Multiplex RT-PCR is a modification of RT-PCR by which several viruses can be amplified simultaneously in a single reaction using multiple primers pairs. We report the development of multiplex RT-PCR assays to detect reovirus, rotavirus, HAV, poliovirus and Norwalk virus. Primer pairs for all the viruses were designed such that most of the existing strains of each virus could be detected. The method was optimized for Mg+2 concentration, relative primer concentration, template concentration and annealing time and temperature. Mg+2 and relative primer concentration seemed to be the most crucial factors in the success of the assay. The presence of the viruses was confirmed by dot blot hybridizations. The method was shown to be as sensitive as the monoplex RT-PCR for each virus. The method when applied to seeded Ohio River water samples yielded positive results for three viruses. Multiplex RT-PCR format which, when used for detection of viruses in environmental water sources, is a useful tool as it reduces the number of assays needed for each sample thereby facilitating virus detection in a rapid and economical manner.
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Citation:Parshionikar, S., J. L. Cashdollar, and G. S. Fout. Development of Multiplex Rt-Pcr for the Detection of Reovirus, Hepatitis a Virus, Poliovirus, Norwalk Virus and Rotavirus. Presented at Annual Meeting of the American Society for Microbiology, New Orleans, LA, May 23-27, 2004.
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Contact: Mary P. O'Bryant - (919)-541-4871 or obriant.mary@epa.gov
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Division: Microbiological & Chemical Exposure Assessment Division
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Branch: Biohazard Assessment Research Branch
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Product Type: Abstrct/Oral
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Presented: 05/23/2004
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Related Entries:
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Bullet Item Detecting Ccl-Related, Emerging Waterborne Human Viruses and Viral Indicators for Exposure Assessment
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Last Updated on Monday, October 22, 2007
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