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Formation of Polyketones in Irradiated Toluene/Propylene/NOx/Air Mixtures

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Abstract: A laboratory study was carried out to investigate the formation of polyketones in secondary organic aerosol from photooxidation of the aromatic hydrocarbon toluene, a major constituent of automobile exhaust. The laboratory experiments consisted of irradiating toluene/propylene/NOx/air mixtures in a smog chamber operated in the dynamic mode and collecting submicron secondary organic aerosol samples on ZefluorTM filters and on stainless steel disks in a low pressure cascade impactor. Carbonyl oxidation products in methanol extracts of the filters were derivatized using O-(2,3,4,5,6,-pentafluorobenzyl)-hydroxylamine and the oxime derivatives were detected with a positive chemical ionization gas chromatography ion trap mass spectroscopy (GC-ITMS) system. Infrared spectra of the cascade impactor samples were used to determine the chemical functional group concentrations of the aerosol. The results of the GC-ITMS and infrared spectral analyses were consistent with the formation of multi-functional oxygenates, including hydroxy diones as well as triones, tetraones and pentaones.

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency through its Office of Research and Development funded and collaborated in the research described here under Contract 68-D5-0049 to ManTech Environmental Technology, Inc. It has been subject to Agency review and approved for publication. Mention of trade names or commercial products does not constitute an endorsement or recommendation for use.
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Citation:Edney, E. O., D. J. Driscoll, W. S. Weathers, T. E. Kleindienst, T. S. Conver, C. D. Mciver, and W. Li. Formation of Polyketones in Irradiated Toluene/Propylene/NOx/Air Mixtures. AEROSOL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 35(6):998-1008, (2001).
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Contact: Liz Hope - (919) 541-2785 or hope.elizabeth@epa.gov
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Division: Human Exposure & Atmospheric Sciences Division
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Branch: Atomospheric Chemistry & Physics Branch
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Product Type: Journal
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Published: 12/01/2001
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Related Entries:
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Bullet Item PM Chemistry
spacer Relationship Reason:   A Project of the Product
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Last Updated on Monday, October 22, 2007
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