Skip common site navigation and headers
United States Environmental Protection Agency
Exposure Research
Begin Hierarchical Links EPA Home > Research & Development > Exposure Research > Publications/Presentations > End Hierarchical Links

 

Contribution of Chlidren's Activities to Lead Contamination of Food

spacer
spacer
Abstract:This study evaluates the relationship of children's hygiene habits and food handling behaviors on lead levels on hands and handled foods for toddlers living in lead contaminated homes. Forty eight inner city toddlers who had previously been identified as having elevated blood lead levels participated in this study. The children participated in 3 consecutive days of activities. During the visits duplicate diets were obtained, the child handled a banana, a hot dog and had his/her hands wiped with a moist towellette. In addition, wipe samples were collected from the kitchen floor, and food items were collected from the kitchen floor. All samples were analyzed for lead. The child's caregiver completed a questionnaire which addressed the child's hygiene and eating behaviors. It demonstrated that children's contact with residential lead can transfer lead to food. Both lead in the home and on the children's hands can contribute to the contamination of food, and hence excess dietary exposure. In addition, child's hygiene habits as reported by the parent indicate that lack of basic hygiene patterns within a high lead environment can contribute to children's dietary exposure to lead.
spacer
Citation:Freeman, N. G., L. S. Sheldon, L. J. Melnyk, E. D. Pellizzari, M. R. Berry Jr., and M. Jimenez. Contribution of Chlidren's Activities to Lead Contamination of Food. JOURNAL OF EXPOSURE ANALYSIS AND ENVIRONMENTAL EPIDEMIOLOGY 11(5):407-413, (2001).
spacer
spacer
Contact: Mary P. O'Bryant - (919)-541-4871 or obriant.mary@epa.gov
spacer
Division: Microbiological & Chemical Exposure Assessment Division
spacer
Branch: Chemical Exposure Research Branch
spacer
Product Type: Journal
spacer
Published: 06/01/2001
spacer
Related Entries:
spacer
Bullet Item Dietary Intake of Young Children
spacer Relationship Reason:   A Project of the Product
spacer
spacer
spacer

 

ORD Home | Search EPA | Search NERL | Search EIMS | Contacts | Help

 
Begin Site Footer

EPA Home | Privacy and Security Notice | Contact Us

Last Updated on Monday, October 22, 2007
URL: http://cfpub.epa.gov