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Detection of Low Dose Radiation Induced Dna Damage Using Temperature Differential Fluorescence Assay

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Abstract: A rapid and sensitive fluorescence assay for radiation-induced DNA damage is reported. Changes in temperature-induced strand separation in both calf thymus DNA and plasmid DNA (puc 19 plasmid from Escherichia coli) were measured after exposure to low doses of radiation. Exposures of between 0.004 and 1 Gy were measured with doses as low as 0.008 Gy yielding significant responses. The double-strand, sensitive dye PicoGreen was used as an indicator of DNA denaturation. Calibration plots indicate that fluorescence changes corresponding to amounts as low as 1 ng of double stranded DNA (10(6) copies for plasmid puc 19) are detected by this method.

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, through its Office of Research and Development (ORD), funded this research through a competitive internal grant (to K.R.). It has been subject to the EPA's peer and administrative review and has been approved for publication. Mention of trade names or commercial products does not constitute endorsement or recommendation by EPA for use.

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Citation:Rogers, K. R., A. B. Apostol, S. J. Madsen, and C. W. Spencer. Detection of Low Dose Radiation Induced Dna Damage Using Temperature Differential Fluorescence Assay. Analytical Chemistry 71(19):4423-4426, (1999).
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Contact: Liz Hope - (919) 541-2785 or hope.elizabeth@epa.gov
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Division: Human Exposure & Atmospheric Sciences Division
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Branch: Human Expsoure Research Branch
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Product Type: Journal
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Published: 10/19/1999
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Related Entries:
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Bullet Item Development of Rapid Techniques for Detection of Chemically-Induced Dna Damage
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