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Quantification of Stachybotrys Chartarum Conidia in Indoor Dust Using Real Time, Fluorescent Probe-Based Detection of Pcr Products

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Abstract:Analyses of fungal spores or conidia in indoor dust samples can be useful for determining the contamination status of building interiors and in signaling instances where potentially harmful exposures of building occupants to these organisms may exist. A recently developed method for the quantification of stachybotrys chartarum conidia, using real time, fluorescent probe-based detection of PCR products (TaqMan system) was employed to analyze indoor dust samples for this toxigenic fungal species. Dust samples of up to 10 mg were found to be amenable to DNA extraction and analysis. Quantitative estimates of S. chartarum conidia in composite dust samples, containing a four log range of these cells, were within 25-104% of the expected quantities in 95% of analyses performed by the method. Calibrator samples containing known numbers of S. chartarum conidia were used as standards for quantification. Conidia of an arbitrarily selected strain of Geotrichum candiidum were added in equal numbers to both dust and calibrator samples prior to DNA extraction. Partial corrections for reductions in overall DNA yields from the dust samples compared to the calibrator samples were obtained by comparative analyses of rDNA sequence yields from these reference conidia in the two types of samples. Dust samples from two contaminated homes were determined to contain greater than 10-3 S. chartarum conidia/mg in collection areas near the sites of contamination and greater than 10-2 conidia/mg in several areas removed from these sites in analyses performed by the method. These measurements were within the predicted range of agreement with results obtained by direct microscopic enumeration of presumptive Stachybotrys conidia in the same samples.
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Citation:Roe, J. D., R. A. Haugland, S. J. Vesper, and L. J. Wymer. Quantification of Stachybotrys Chartarum Conidia in Indoor Dust Using Real Time, Fluorescent Probe-Based Detection of Pcr Products. JOURNAL OF EXPOSURE ANALYSIS AND ENVIRONMENTAL EPIDEMIOLOGY 11(1):12-20, (2002).
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Contact: Mary P. O'Bryant - (919)-541-4871 or obriant.mary@epa.gov
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Division: Microbiological & Chemical Exposure Assessment Division
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Branch: Microbial Exposure Research Branch
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Product Type: Journal
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Published: 02/27/2002
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Related Entries:
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Bullet Item Risk Assessment/Risk Management for Indoor Mold
spacer Relationship Reason:   A Project of the Product
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