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Stability of Hemoglobin and Albumin Adducts of Benzene Oxide and 1,4-Benzoquinone After Administration of Benzene to F344 Rats

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Abstract: The stability of cysteinyl adducts of benzene oxide (BO) and mono-S-substituted cysteinyl adducts of 1,4-benzoquinone (1,4-BQ) was investigated in both hemoglobin (Hb) and albumin (Alb) following administration of a single oral dose of 400 mg [U-14C/13C6]benzene/kg body weight to F344 rats. Total radiobound adducts to Hb were stable, as were adducts formed by the reaction of [13C6]BO with cysteinyl residues on Hb. In both cases adduct stability was indicated by zero-order kinetics with decay rates consistent with the lifetime of rat erythrocytes. Hb adducts of 1,4-BQ were not detected, possibly due to the production of multi-S-substituted adducts within the erythrocyte. Regarding the Alb binding, total radiobound adducts decayed more rapidly than expected )half-life of 0.4 days), suggesting that uncharacterized benzene metabolites were noncovalently bound or formed unstable adducts with Alb. Although adducts from reactions of BO and 1,4-BQ with Alb both decayed with rates consistent with those of Alb turnover in the rat, the half-life for 1,4-BQ-Alb (2.5 days) was shorter than that for BO-Alb (3.1 days), suggesting some instability of 1,4-BQ-Alb. Assuming similar rates of adduct instability in humans and rats, the 1,4-BQ-Alb adducts would be eliminated with a half-life of approximately 8 days, compared with BO-Alb, which would be expected to turnover with Alb (half-life of approximately 21 days).

This work was supported by the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences through grant P42ES05948 and training grant 5-T32-ES07018. The work described in this document has been funded in part by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. It has been subjected to Agency review and approved for publication. Mention of trade names or commercial products does not constitute endorsement or recommendation for use.
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Citation:Troester, M. A., A. B. Lindstrom, L. L. Kupper, S. Waidyanatha, and S. M. Rappaport. Stability of Hemoglobin and Albumin Adducts of Benzene Oxide and 1,4-Benzoquinone After Administration of Benzene to F344 Rats. TOXICOLOGICAL SCIENCES 54(1):88-94, (2000).
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Contact: Liz Hope - (919) 541-2785 or hope.elizabeth@epa.gov
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Division: Human Exposure & Atmospheric Sciences Division
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Branch: Exposure Methods & Monitoring Branch
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Product Type: Journal
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Published: 03/01/2000
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