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Organochlorine Pesticide Concentrations and Enantiomer Fractions for Chlordane in Indoor Air from the U.S. Cornbelt

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Abstract: Thirty-seven indoor air samples were collected and analyzed to determine if enantioselective degradation of past use organochlorine pesticides occurs indoors and to increase the available information on concentrations in homes. Samples were collected from homes in the U.S. cornbelt region and analyzed for the concentrations of eleven pesticides and the enantiomer signature of chlordanes. Residues were found for all pesticides analyzed in at least several of the samples, with chlordane dominating in most samples. Racemic residues were seen for the chlordane enantiomers in all samples. Since levels of organochlorine pesticides in urban areas are often an order of magnitude above ambient levels, emissions from house foundations may be a source of these compounds to ambient air. Past research has shown selective enantiomeric degradation occurs in many environmental samples resulting in non-racemic residues. Knowledge of the enantiomer signatures of chlordane and other pesticides in different media may be useful for distinguishing sources of chlordane to ambient air.

This work was supported in part by a contract from the Canadian Atmospheric Environment Service. The research described herein was conducted independently of the corresponding author's EPA employment and has not been subjected to the Agency's peer and administrative review. Therefore, the conclusions and opinioins are solely those of the author and shoudl not be construed to reflect the views of the Agency.

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Citation:Leone, A. D., E. M. Ulrich, C. E. Bodnar, R. L. Falconer, and R. A. Hites. Organochlorine Pesticide Concentrations and Enantiomer Fractions for Chlordane in Indoor Air from the U.S. Cornbelt. ATMOSPHERIC ENVIRONMENT 34(24):4131-4138, (2001).
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Contact: Liz Hope - (919) 541-2785 or hope.elizabeth@epa.gov
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Division: Human Exposure & Atmospheric Sciences Division
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Branch: Exposure Methods & Monitoring Branch
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Product Type: Journal
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Published: 07/01/2001
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Related Entries:
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Bullet Item Development and Application of Methods to Assess Human Exposure to Pesticides
spacer Relationship Reason:   A Project of the Product
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Last Updated on Monday, October 22, 2007
URL: http://cfpub.epa.gov