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Impact of Aerosol Liquid Water on Secondary Organic Aerosol Yields of Irradiated Toluene/Propylene/NOx/(Nh4)2SO4/Air Mixutres

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Abstract: Laboratory experiments were conducted to assess whether the presence of liquid water on pre-existing submicron ammonium sulfate aerosols affects yields of condensible organic compounds. Toluene/propylene/NOX/air mixtures were irradiated in the presence of submicron ammonium sulfate aerosol for a series of relative humidities and ammonium sulfate concentrations, generating aerosols containing organic and inorganic constituents with liquid water concentrations ranging from 4 to 66 ?g m-3. Organic aerosol carbon concentrations, measured on quartz filters, were corrected for uptake of gas phase organic compounds and converted into mass concentrations of the organic species. Concentrations of the aerosol ammonium, nitrate, sulfate, and liquid water, collected on co-located Teflon filters, were determined along with the total mass concentrations. Reasonable mass balances were found for the aerosols from summing the liquid water and the organic and inorganic components and comparing the totals to gravimetric determinations. A regression analysis showed the secondary organic aerosol yields, that were measured at near ambient concentration levels, could be expressed as a linear function of the organic mass concentration of the aerosol. The correlation coefficient of the regression did not improve by adding a term for aerosol liquid water concentrations in the regression. The results suggest that the presence of aerosol liquid water does not significantly increase or decrease SOA yields of the toluene oxidation products using quartz filters, although the possibility remains of some loss of water-soluble organic compounds by evaporation during handling of the filters.

The research described in this paper has been funded wholly by the US Environmental Protection Agency under Contract 68-D5-0049 to ManTech Environmental Technology, Inc. It has been subject to Agency review. Mention of trade names or commercial products does not constitute endorsement or recommended use.
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Citation:Edney, E. O., D. J. Driscoll, R. E. Speer, W. S. Weathers, T. E. Kleindienst, W. Li, and D. F. Smith. Impact of Aerosol Liquid Water on Secondary Organic Aerosol Yields of Irradiated Toluene/Propylene/NOx/(Nh4)2SO4/Air Mixutres. ATMOSPHERIC ENVIRONMENT 34(23):3907-3919, (2000).
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Contact: Liz Hope - (919) 541-2785 or hope.elizabeth@epa.gov
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Division: Human Exposure & Atmospheric Sciences Division
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Branch: Atomospheric Chemistry & Physics Branch
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Product Type: Journal
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Published: 08/01/2000
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Related Entries:
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Bullet Item PM Chemistry
spacer Relationship Reason:   A Project of the Product
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Last Updated on Monday, October 22, 2007
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