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Optimized Determination of Trace Jet Fuel Volatile Organic Compounds in Human Blood Using in-Field Liquid-Liquid Extraction With Subsequent Laboratory Gas Chromatographic-Mass Spectrometric Analysis and on-Column Large Volume Injection

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Abstract: A practical and sensitive method to assess volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from JP-8 jet fuel in human whole blood was developed by modifying previously established liquid-liquid extraction procedures, optimizing extraction times, solvent volume, specific sample processing techniques, and a new on-column large volume injection method for GC/MS analysis. With the optimized methods, the extraction efficiency was improved by 4.3 to 20.1 times and the detection sensitivity increased up to 660 times over the standard method. Typical detection limits in the parts-per-trillion (ppt) level range were achieved for all monitored JP-8 constituents; this is sufficient for assessing human fuels exposures at trace environmental levels as well as occupational exposure levels. The sample extractions are performed in the field and only solvent extracts need be shipped to the laboratory. The method is implemented with standard biological laboratory equipment and a modest bench-top GC-MS system.

This work was funded by the National Exposure Research Laboratory, US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), through Contract 68-D5-0049 with ManTech Environmental Technology, Inc. Mention of trade names or commercial products does not constitute endorsement or recommendation for use.
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Citation:Liu, S., and J. D. Pleil. Optimized Determination of Trace Jet Fuel Volatile Organic Compounds in Human Blood Using in-Field Liquid-Liquid Extraction With Subsequent Laboratory Gas Chromatographic-Mass Spectrometric Analysis and on-Column Large Volume Injection. JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL AND ENGINEERING DATA 752(1):159-171, (2001).
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Contact: Liz Hope - (919) 541-2785 or hope.elizabeth@epa.gov
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Division: Human Exposure & Atmospheric Sciences Division
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Branch: Exposure Methods & Monitoring Branch
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Product Type: Journal
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Published: 03/05/2001
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Related Entries:
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Bullet Item Xenobiotic Methods Development for Human Exposure Assessment Research
spacer Relationship Reason:   A Project of the Product
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