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The Key Viral Players

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Abstract: A number of different types of human enteric viruses cause waterborne outbreaks when individuals are exposed to contaminated drinking and recreational waters. Members of the enterovirus group cause numerous diseases, including gastroenteritis, encephalitis, meningitis, myocarditis, temporary paralysis and perhaps diabetes and chronic fatigue syndrome. Hepatitis A and more recently hepatitis E have caused large waterborne hepatitis outbreaks. The second leading cause of illness in the United States is acute nonbacterial gastroenteritis. This disease results from infection of susceptible individuals with members of the Caliciviridae, Astroviridae, Reoviridae and Adenoviridae families. The characteristics of these enteric virus groups will be discussed.

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Citation:Fout, G. S. The Key Viral Players. Presented at EPA Workshop for Development of Protocols for Reliable Genetic Methods for Viruses for Use in EPA's Drinking Water Program, Cincinnati, OH, January 15-16, 2003.
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Contact: Mary P. O'Bryant - (919)-541-4871 or obriant.mary@epa.gov
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Division: Microbiological & Chemical Exposure Assessment Division
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Branch: Biohazard Assessment Research Branch
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Product Type: Abstrct/Oral
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Presented: 01/15/2003
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Related Entries:
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Bullet Item Detecting Ccl-Related, Emerging Waterborne Human Viruses and Viral Indicators for Exposure Assessment
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Last Updated on Monday, October 22, 2007
URL: http://cfpub.epa.gov