Skip common site navigation and headers
United States Environmental Protection Agency
Exposure Research
Begin Hierarchical Links EPA Home > Research & Development > Exposure Research > Publications/Presentations > End Hierarchical Links

 

Conceptual Framework for Categorizing Young Children's Eating Behaviors

spacer
spacer
Abstract: Recent studies of total dietary ingestion of common indoor contaminants have demonstrated that young children's behaviors while eating can lead to a significant source of food contamination. The difference between children eating their food items with or without their hands which have come into contact with indoor surfaces contaminated by pollutants has been shown to be potentially significant, but has not yet been fully quantitated. Food items that are eaten with utensils will have less surface-to-food or surface-to-hand-to-food pesticide contamination compared to food items that are eaten with contaminated hands in contaminated environments. It has been observed from a recent field study that "messy" eaters have higher levels of contaminated food and urinary biomarker levels of diazinon as compared to "neat" eaters. "Messy" eaters had higher surface-to-food or surface-to-hand-to-food contact frequencies for most food items which resulted in higher levels of contaminated leftover food and higher urinary biomarker levels of the chemical metabolite under study. Determining the activity factor to categorize eating behaviors is one objective of an ongoing study to accurately model dietary exposure of young children. An intermediate objective is to use a surrogate food to measure hand-to-food transfers of pesticides to determine the effect of multiple touches. This will also be used to determine the activity factors that will distinguish three categories of eating behaviors.
Three categories of eaters, i.e., neat, messy, and in-between, are determined by analyzing videotapes of children eating. Statistical methods such as tree-based cluster analysis are used to identify other factors that affect children's eating behavior, including the nature of the food items, meal, children's age, gender, and general hygiene practices. Once these factors are identified, the ultimate goal will be to predict total ingestion for a child based on a dietary model, by collecting measurements of the contaminant on selected surfaces of the home and observations of the child's eating behaviors with surrogate food items. Pesticides will be measured from the surrogate food to determine transfers from surfaces and hands to the item to attempt to verify the categories of eaters.

spacer
Citation:Hu, Y., G. G. Akland, E. D. Pellizzari, L. J. Melnyk, and M. Berry. Conceptual Framework for Categorizing Young Children's Eating Behaviors. Presented at ISEA Annual Meeting, Vancouver, Canada, August 11, 2002.
spacer
spacer
Contact: Mary P. O'Bryant - (919)-541-4871 or obriant.mary@epa.gov
spacer
Division: Microbiological & Chemical Exposure Assessment Division
spacer
Branch: Chemical Exposure Research Branch
spacer
Product Type: Abstrct/Oral
spacer
Presented: 08/11/2002
spacer
Related Entries:
spacer
Bullet Item Dietary Intake of Young Children
spacer Relationship Reason:   A Project of the Product
spacer
spacer
spacer

 

ORD Home | Search EPA | Search NERL | Search EIMS | Contacts | Help

 
Begin Site Footer

EPA Home | Privacy and Security Notice | Contact Us

Last Updated on Monday, October 22, 2007
URL: http://cfpub.epa.gov