Skip common site navigation and headers
United States Environmental Protection Agency
Exposure Research
Begin Hierarchical Links EPA Home > Research & Development > Exposure Research > Publications/Presentations > End Hierarchical Links

 

Pesticide Surface Residue Measurements By a Press Sampler

spacer
spacer
Abstract:Pesticides on household surfaces are a source of exposure to children. Accurate measurements of residues on surfaces are needed to determine amounts available for transfer to foods and other objects handled or eaten by a child. Wiping the surface with a solvent has been the acceptable measurement method, but sing solvents can mar the surface which would be unacceptable for field sampling. A surface press sampler capable of using C18 or polyurethane foam (PUF) transfer disks pressed onto a surface for a specified time with constant force was compared to surface wipe measurements. The transfer disks, which adsorb and/or absorb the residue during contact of the surface, are then removed and extracted for analysis and quantified for surface residue concentration or loading.

The objective of this study was to determine if the surface press sampler with dry C18 and PUF disks could be used to obtain residue information from household surfaces comparable to isopropanol surface wipes. The surfaces tested were ceramic tile, hardwood flooring, and carpet. Each surface was contaminated with an aqueous solution of the pesticides commonly found in homes (diazinon, malathion, chlorpyrifos, isofenphos, heptachlor, and cis- and trans- permethrin) at levels previously measured (20 to 55 ng/cm2) and dried for 2-1/2 hours. Duplicate contaminated surfaces were wiped and pressed for 5 sec, 1, 2, 5, 10, and 60 min and percentages of pesticides transferred based on wipes were compared.

Recoveries of pesticides wiped were variable, ranging from trace to near applied levels, and depended on surface type. Only a fraction of the pesticides were transferred to either press material when compared to wipes. This varied by pesticide and was highly dependent on duration of the press. On average, less than 50% of the pesticide were transferred from tile to C18 and PUF for the various times, except for 60% of the pesticides transferred from tile C18 after 60 minutes of pressing. For the average of all pesticides, C18 was slightly more efficient in the transfer of pesticides than PUF. In comparing the various times for both press materials, the average pesticide transferred to C18 was between 6 to 60% and for PUF was 2 to 50%. Transfer of pesticides from hard surfaces (tile and hardwood flooring) occurred more readily than from carpet. Negligible pesticides were transferred to either of the press materials from carpet.
spacer
Citation:Melnyk, L. J., C. Rohrer, T. Hieber, and M. R. Berry Jr. Pesticide Surface Residue Measurements By a Press Sampler. Presented at ISEA Annual Meeting, Charleston, NC, November 4-8, 2001.
spacer
spacer
Contact: Mary P. O'Bryant - (919)-541-4871 or obriant.mary@epa.gov
spacer
Division: Microbiological & Chemical Exposure Assessment Division
spacer
Branch: Chemical Exposure Research Branch
spacer
Product Type: Abstrct/Oral
spacer
Presented: 11/04/2001
spacer
Related Entries:
spacer
Bullet Item Dietary Intake of Young Children
spacer Relationship Reason:   A Project of the Product
spacer
spacer
spacer

 

ORD Home | Search EPA | Search NERL | Search EIMS | Contacts | Help

 
Begin Site Footer

EPA Home | Privacy and Security Notice | Contact Us

Last Updated on Monday, October 22, 2007
URL: http://cfpub.epa.gov