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RECORD NUMBER: 11 OF 31

Main Title Automobile and light truck fuel economy the CAFE standards / {electronic resource} :
Author Yacobucci, Brent D.
Publisher Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress,
Place Published {Washington, D.C.} :
Year Published 2007
OCLC Number 232549248
Subject Added Ent Automobiles--Fuel consumption--Law and legislation--United States; Automobile industry and trade--Law and legislation--United States; Energy policy--United States
Internet Access
Description Access URL
http://opencrs.com/document/RL33413
Holdings
Library   Call Number Additional Info Location Date Modified
EJBM POD Internet only Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 06/27/2008
Collation 18 p. : digital, PDF file.
Notes "Updated January 19, 2007." Title taken from PDF title screen (viewed May 3, 2007). Includes bibliographical references.
Contents Notes On April 22, 2008, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) released a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NOPR) that would establish fuel economy standards for model year (MY) 2011-MY2015 passenger cars and light trucks. The rulemaking is in followup to the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA, P.L. 110-140), enacted in mid-December 2007, which restructured the automotive fuel economy program. It established a corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standard of 35 miles per gallon (mpg) by MY2020 for the combined passenger automobile and light truck fleet. However, to meet the combined standard, automakers will continue the practice of calculating the CAFE of their car and light truck fleets separately. The proposed rule would establish passenger car fuel economy at 31.2 mpg in MY2011, increasing to 35.7 mpg in MY2015. For trucks, the comparable goals for compliance are 25.0 to 28.6 mpg. Lastly, the design of the program will be "attribute" based; every model of new vehicle will have its own target, based on the vehicle's footprint. Manufacturers' passenger car fleets will be required to come within 92% of the overall standard for a given model year. Above that floor, manufacturers can earn credits for exceeding the standards in one vehicle class and apply credits to boost the CAFE of a different vehicle class that is short of compliance. Additionally, credits may be sold and bought among manufacturers. CAFE credits for the manufacture of flexible-fueled vehicles (FFV) were retained by EISA, but will be phased out by MY2020. Civil penalties assessed for non-compliance will be deposited to the general fund of the U.S. Treasury to support future rulemaking and to provide grants to U.S. manufacturers for research and development, and retooling in support of increasing fuel efficiency. The law also requires the development of standards for "work trucks" and commercial medium- and heavy-duty on-highway vehicles. An important development bearing on CAFE was the denial in late December 2007 of a waiver to the state of California by the Environmental Protection Agency that would have permitted California (and other interested states) to set vehicle greenhouse gas standards under the Clean Air Act. Reducing fuel consumption could be one of the major tools for reducing vehicle emissions. A waiver would allow these states to require more stringent fuel economy of vehicles sold in those states than required by the new standards established by EISA. Some have suggested that language in the NOPR pre-empting states from regulating tailpipe emissions would be challenged in court if included in any final rule. A November 15, 2007, decision by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit overturned a final rule issued by NHTSA for MY2008-MY2011 light trucks. The Court ruled that NHTSA had not conducted a sufficiently rigorous analysis to measure whether the standards would have a beneficial effect in improving environmental quality through reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. The analysis accompanying the NOPR for MY2011-MY2015 appears intended to address the deficiencies identified by the Court in the earlier rulemaking.
Access Notes Mode of access: World Wide Web. System requirements: Adobe Acrobat Reader.
Author Added Ent
Bamberger, Robert.
Corporate Au Added Ent Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service.
PUB Date Free Form {2007}
Series Title Traced CRS report for Congress ; RL33413.
BIB Level m
OCLC Time Stamp 20080623140721
Cataloging Source OCLC/T
Language eng
Origin OCLC
Type CAT
OCLC Rec Leader 04540nam 2200349Ia 45020


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