OLS : Record


Main Title Advanced vehicle technologies energy, environment, and development issues / {electronic resource} :
Author Yacobucci, Brent D.
Publisher Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress,
Place Published {Washington, D.C.} :
Year Published 2007
Report Number RL30484
OCLC Number 244443424
Subject Added Ent Motor vehicles--United States--Fuel consumption; Motor fuels--Environmental aspects--United States; Motor vehicles--Environmental aspects--United States
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library   Call Number Additional Info Location Date Modified
EJBM POD Internet only Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 08/29/2008
Collation {18} p. : digital, PDF file
Notes "Updated December 6, 2007." "Order Code RL-30484." Title from title screen (viewed on August 26, 2008).
Contents Notes Research and development of cleaner and more efficient vehicle technologies has been ongoing for the past few decades. Much of this research started in response to the oil shocks of the 1970s, which triggered concerns about rising fuel costs and growing dependence on imported fuel. The urgency of those concerns was lost as fuel prices declined in the 1980s and 1990s. At the same time, however, rising concerns about vehicle contributions to air pollution and global climate change added a new dimension to the issue. Recently, instability in world oil prices and political concerns have reawakened the energy dependence concerns of the 1970s. Meanwhile, research on new technologies continues, with a particular focus on commercialization. Despite widespread agreement in principle on the benefits of decreased dependence on petroleum and the internal combustion engine, the practical challenges posed by a transition to advanced vehicle technologies are formidable. Nonetheless, significant research and development progress has been made since the 1970s. These new technologies have sparked more interest as some major auto manufacturers have introduced high-efficiency production vehicles to the American market, and others have plans to introduce similar vehicles in the future. Furthermore, interest has grown recently as a result of higher petroleum prices, and the announcement of new emission regulations for passenger vehicles. In January 2002, the Bush Administration announced the FreedomCAR initiative, which focuses federal research on fuel cell vehicles. In conjunction with FreedomCAR, in January 2003, President Bush announced the Hydrogen Fuel Initiative, which focuses federal research on hydrogen fuel and fuel cells for stationary applications. The goal of these initiatives is to improve the competitiveness of hydrogen fuel cell vehicle technologies. However, fuel cell vehicles share many components with hybrid and pure electric vehicles. Thus, this research will likely promote advanced vehicle technologies in general. This report discusses four major vehicle technologies -- electric vehicles, hybrid electric vehicles, plug-in hybrids, and fuel cell vehicles -- as well as advanced component technologies. Each technology is discussed in terms of cost, fueling and maintenance infrastructure, and performance.
Access Notes Mode of access: World Wide Web. System requirements: Adobe Acrobat Reader.
Corporate Au Added Ent Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service.
PUB Date Free Form 2007.
Series Title Traced CRS report for Congress ; RL30484
BIB Level m
Medium electronic resource
OCLC Time Stamp 20080826125118
Cataloging Source OCLC/T
Language eng
Origin OCLC
Type CAT
OCLC Rec Leader 03731nam 2200385Ia 45020