||Volatile Organic Compounds in 600 U.S. Homes: Major Sources of Personal Exposure.
Clayton, C. A.;
||Research Triangle Inst., Research Triangle Park, NC.;Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Office of Acid Deposition, Environmental Monitoring, and Quality Assurance.
Indoor air pollution;
Volatile organic compounds;
||Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.
||The USEPA carried out the Total Exposure Assessment Methodology (TEAM) Study (1980-85) on 600 subjects in five cities representing a total population of more than 700,000 persons. Personal exposures to all prevalent target compounds exceeded outdoor concentrations. Major sources were smoking (benzene, styrene, xylenes, and octane); using hot water (chloroform); wearing dry-cleaned clothes (tetrachloroethylene); and using moth crystals or room air deodorants (para-dichlorobenzene). Eleven of 14 occupations also showed elevated exposures to one or more chemicals (particularly aromatics). Auto related activities (lengthy commuting, filling gas tanks) were associated with increased exposures to several aromatics. Breath concentrations were significantly associated with personal air exposures but not with outdoor concentrations. Residence in major chemical manufacturing and petroleum refining areas did not significantly affect personal exposures.
||Sponsored by Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Office of Acid Deposition, Environmental Monitoring, and Quality Assurance.
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