OLS : Record


Main Title Liquefied natural gas (LNG) import terminals siting, safety, and regulation / [electronic resource] :
Author Parfomak, Paul W.
Publisher Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress,
Place Published Washington, D.C.
Year Published 2004
Report Number RL32205
OCLC Number 319159701
Subject Added Ent Terminals (Transportation)--United States--Safety measures.; Liquefied natural gas--Transportation--Law and legislation.
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library   Call Number Additional Info Location Date Modified
EJBM POD Internet only Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 04/27/2009
Collation [33] p. : digital, PDF file.
Notes "February 24, 2009."--Copy cataloged. Includes bibliographical references.
Contents Notes Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is a hazardous fuel shipped in large tankers to U.S. ports from overseas. While LNG has historically made up a small part of U.S. natural gas supplies, rising gas prices, current price volatility, and the possibility of domestic shortages are sharply increasing LNG demand. To meet this demand, energy companies have proposed new LNG import terminals throughout the coastal United States. Many of these terminals would be built onshore near populated areas. The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) grants federal approval for the siting of new onshore LNG facilities under the Natural Gas Act of 1938 and the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (P.L. 109-58). This approval process incorporates minimum safety standards for LNG established by the Department of Transportation. Although LNG has had a record of relative safety for the last 45 years, and no LNG tanker or land-based facility has been attacked by terrorists, proposals for new LNG terminal facilities have generated considerable public concern. Some community groups and governments officials fear that LNG terminals may expose nearby residents to unacceptable hazards. Ongoing public concern about LNG safety has focused congressional attention on the exclusivity of FERCs LNG siting authority, proposals for a regional LNG siting process, the lack of remote siting requirements in FERC regulations, state permitting requirements under the Clean Water Act and the Coastal Zone Management Act, terrorism attractiveness of LNG, the adequacy of Coast Guard security resources, and other issues. LNG terminals directly affect the safety of communities in the states and congressional districts where they are sited, and may influence energy costs nationwide. Faced with an uncertain national need for greater LNG imports and persistent public concerns about LNG hazards, some in Congress have proposed changes to safety provisions in federal LNG siting regulation. Legislation proposed in the 110th Congress addressed Coast Guard LNG resources, FERCs exclusive siting authority, state concurrence of federal LNG siting decisions, and agency coordination under the Coastal Zone Management Act, among other proposals. If Congress concludes that new LNG terminals as currently regulated will pose an unacceptable risk to public safety, Congress may consider additional LNG safety-related legislation, or may exercise its oversight authority in other ways to influence LNG terminal siting approval. Alternatively, Congress may consider other changes in U.S. energy policy legislation to reduce the nations demand for natural gas and, thus, the need for new LNG infrastructure.
Access Notes Available on the internet at the assets.opencrs.com website.; Mode of access: Internet.; System requirements: Adobe Acrobat Reader.; Title from title screen (viewed on April 24, 2009).
Author Added Ent
Vann, Adam S.
Corporate Au Added Ent Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service.
Title Ser Add Ent CRS report for Congress ; RL32205.
PUB Date Free Form 2004-
Frequency Irregular
Series Title Untraced CRS report for Congress ; order code RL32205
BIB Level s
Medium electronic resource
OCLC Time Stamp 20090424102115
Cataloging Source OCLC/T
Language eng
Origin OCLC
Type CAT
OCLC Rec Leader 04147cas 2200385Ia 45020