||Toxicity of Selected Organic Chemicals to the Earthworm 'Eisenia fetida'.
Neuhauser, E. F.;
Loehr, R. C.;
Malecki, M. R.;
Milligan, D. L.;
Durkin, P. R.;
||Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY.;Corvallis Environmental Research Lab., OR.
Aromatic polycyclic hydrocarbons;
||Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.
||A number of methods recently have been developed to biologically evaluate the impact of man's activities on soil ecosystems. Two test methods, the 2-d contact test and the 14-d artificial soil test, were used to evaluate the impact of six major classes of organic chemicals on the earthworm Eisenia fetida. Of the organic chemicals tested, phenols and amines were the most toxic to the worms, followed in descending order of toxicity by the substituted aromatics, halogenated aliphatics, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and phthalates. No relationship was found between earthworm toxicity as determined by the contact test and rat, Rattus norvegicus Berkenhout and mouse, Mus musculus L. LD. values.
||Sponsored by Corvallis Environmental Research Lab., OR.
||Pub. in. Jnl. of Environmental Quality, v14 n3 p383-388 Jun 85.
|NTIS Title Notes
|PUB Date Free Form
||6C; 6T; 57Z; 57Y
||Not available NTIS