OLS : Record


Main Title Endangered Species Act and legal issues regarding Columbia Basin salmon and steelhead [electronic resource] /
Author Lane, Nic
Publisher Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress,
Place Published Washington, D.C.
Year Published 2009
Report Number R40169
OCLC Number 312701798
Subject Added Ent Endangered species--United States.; Sockeye salmon--United States.; Pacific salmon--United States.; Steelhead (Fish)--United States.; Rainbow trout--United States.; Wildlife management--United States.
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library   Call Number Additional Info Location Date Modified
EJBM POD Internet only Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 03/09/2009
Collation [17] p. : digital, pdf file
Notes "January 26, 2009."--Copy cataloged. Includes bibliographical references. Title from title screen (viewed on March 6, 2009).
Contents Notes The construction and operation of the Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS) have reduced salmon and steelhead populations in the Columbia Basin. In 1991 the Snake River sockeye became the first Pacific salmon stock listed under the Endangered Species Act. Since then, operations of the FCRPS have had to be considered in the context of the Endangered Species Act (ESA). This means that federal operators of the FCRPS, the Bureau of Reclamation, the Bonneville Power Administration, and the Army Corps of Engineers, are required to consult with the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) on how federal actions may impact species. At the end of the consultation, NMFS issues a biological opinion (BiOp) as to whether the action would jeopardize the continued existence of a species or harm its critical habitat. As part of the consultation process, mitigation measures are recommended by NMFS to avoid harm to listed species. Protective measures for fish often come at a cost in terms of energy generation or irrigation supply, and this tension between natural resources and energy production and irrigation is at the heart of conflict in the Columbia Basin. Beginning in 1992, a series of BiOps were issued by NMFS. Courts have found almost all of them inconsistent with the ESA. The 2005 BiOp was remanded to NMFS, with the final, updated BiOp released in May 2008. That BiOp is now the subject of a lawsuit. The court reviewing the 2008 BiOp had stated in 2007 that if the final document did not meet ESA standards, the court might vacate the BiOp. This step would mean that any harm to a listed species by FCRPS operations would be an unauthorized take under the ESA. The Bonneville Power Administration has offered nearly $1 billion to four Indian tribes to resolve the litigation. However, states, environmental groups, and fishing interests, who also have acted as plaintiffs, were not included in the settlement. This report supersedes CRS Report RL34453, Endangered Species Act and Legal Issues Regarding Columbia Basin Salmon and Steelhead, by Nic Lane, Kristina Alexander, and Eugene H. Buck.
Access Notes Mode of access: Internet.; System requirements: Adobe Acrobat Reader.
Author Added Ent
Alexander, Kristina.;
Buck, Eugene H.
Corporate Au Added Ent Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service.
Title Ser Add Ent CRS report for Congress ; R40169
PUB Date Free Form 2008
Frequency Unknown
Series Title Untraced CRS report for Congress ; R40169
BIB Level s
Medium electronic resource
OCLC Time Stamp 20090306104617
Cataloging Source OCLC/T
Language eng
Origin OCLC
Type CAT
OCLC Rec Leader 03713nas 2200445Ia 45020