OLS : Record


Main Title Marine Mammal Protection Act reauthorization issues / {electronic resource} :
Author Buck, Eugene H.
Publisher Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress,
Place Published {Washington, D.C.} :
Year Published 2007
OCLC Number 166421607
Subjects United States.--Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972
Subject Added Ent Marine mammals--Law and legislation--United States; Fishery law and legislation--United States; Marine resources conservation--Law and legislation--United States
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library   Call Number Additional Info Location Date Modified
EJBM POD Internet only Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 08/31/2007
Collation {53} p. : digital file
Notes "Received through the CRS web." "Updated June 11, 2007." Updated periodically. Title taken from PDF title screen (viewed August 30, 2007). Includes bibliographical references.
Contents Notes The Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA) was last reauthorized in 1994. The MMPAs authorization of appropriations expired at the end of FY1999. At issue for Congress are the terms and conditions of provisions designed to reauthorize and amend the MMPA to address a variety of concerns relating to marine mammal management. In the 109th Congress, the House passed a bill to reauthorize and amend the MMPA, but no further action was taken on this measure. The 110th Congress may again consider measures to amend and reauthorize the MMPA as well as bills to address specific marine mammal regulatory and management issues. Several issues that may arise in reauthorization relate to modifying management of the interactions between marine mammals and commercial fishing operations. Other concerns relate to marine mammals in captivity and subsistence use of marine mammals by Native Americans. Additional issues include providing for trade in marine mammal products, managing robust marine mammal stocks, understanding the effect of noise on marine mammals, fostering international cooperation, regulating large incidental takes, modifying the scientific research permit process, improving agency compliance with MMPA deadlines, facilitating marine mammal research by federal scientists, dealing with harassment of marine mammals, considering a directed research program, and appropriating adequate funding for federal agency programs. While some of these issues could be addressed administratively, in regulations proposed and promulgated by the National Marine Fisheries Service, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, or the USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, others likely would require statutory changes. Most potential participants in the reauthorization debate anticipate extended negotiations on some of these issues. Although the authorization for appropriations expired at the end of FY1999, the MMPA itself did not expire. Eventually, however, an extension of funding authority may need to be considered to continue federal program operations. Most of the issues associated with this law are not time- sensitive, and a number of oversight hearings have been held to increase understanding of various issues, positions, and possibilities.
Access Notes Mode of access: World Wide Web. System requirements: Adobe Acrobat Reader.
Corporate Au Added Ent Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service.
PUB Date Free Form 2007.
Series Title Traced CRS report for Congress ; RL30120
BIB Level m
Medium electronic resource
OCLC Time Stamp 20070830095636
Cataloging Source OCLC/T
Language eng
Origin OCLC
Type CAT
OCLC Rec Leader 03803nam 2200397Ia 45020