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OLS : Record

RECORD NUMBER: 35 OF 8451

Main Title 90-Dose LD50 and a Chronicity Factor as Measures of Toxicity.
Author Hayes, Jr., Wayland J.;
CORP Author Center for Disease Control, Atlanta, Ga.
Year Published 1967
Stock Number PB-279 720
Subjects Toxicology; Lethal dosage; Toxicity; Ingestion(Biology); Tables(Data); Experimental data; Laboratory animals; Rats; Bioassay; Measurement; Reprints
Holdings
Library   Call Number Additional Info Location Date Modified
NTIS PB-279 720 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 06/23/1988
Collation 9p
Abstract A 90-dose LD50 (or ED50) and a chronicity factor are proposed to help communicate the results of tests involving repeated doses of compounds. To determine the oral 90-dose LD50, groups of animals are fed appropriate dietary levels of a compound for 90 days and then held long enough for any sick survivors to die or recover. Food consumption is recorded and doses are expressed as milligrams of compound per kilogram of body weight per day. Statistically, the 90-dose LD50 is determined in the same way as the 1-dose LD50 using logarithms of doses and percent mortality expressed as probits. A ratio of the 1-dose LD50 and 90-dose LD50 of a compound is a measure of its cumulative effects and is termed the chronicity factor. The largest one found so far is more than 500 times the smallest. These factors permit objective comparison of different classes of compounds, but whether the smaller distinctions within a class are significnat, remains to be learned.
Supplementary Notes Pub. in Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology, v11 n2 p327-335, Sep 67.
Availability Notes Included in the report, Journal Articles on Toxicology. Group 9, PB-279 718.
Title Annotations Reprint: The 90-Dose LD50 and a Chronicity Factor as Measures of Toxicity,
PUB Date Free Form 18 Apr 67
Category Codes 6T; 57Y
NTIS Prices (Order as PB-279 718, MF A01)
Primary Description 500/01
Document Type NT
Control Number 323738862
Cataloging Source NTIS/MT
Origin NTIS
Type CAT


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