OLS : Record


Main Title Seasonal trends in blood lead levels in Milwaukee.
Author Pawel, D. J.; Pawel, David John.; Foster, C.; Cox, D. C.
CORP Author QuanTech, Inc., Rosslyn, VA.;Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Office of Pollution, Prevention, and Toxics.
Publisher Technical Programs Branch, Chemical Management Division, Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,
Place Published Washington, D.C.
Year Published 1996
Report Number EPA 747-R-95-010; EPA-68-D3-0004
Stock Number PB2001-105306
OCLC Number 48132319
Subjects Children; Lead poisoning; Blood chemical analysis; Seasonal variations; Program effectiveness; Interventions; Environmental exposure; Environmental factors; Health screening; Dusts; Health surveys; Statistical analysis; Public health; Urban areas; Trend analysis; Blood lead levels; Milwaukee(Wisconsin)
Subject Added Ent Lead Poisoning--epidemiology--Wisconsin.; Child--Wisconsin.; Infant--Wisconsin.; Seasons--Wisconsin.; Lead--Toxicology--Wisconsin--Milwaukee.; Lead poisoning in children--Wisconsin--Milwaukee.
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library   Call Number Additional Info Location Date Modified
EJBD ARCHIVE EPA 747-R-95-010 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 12/30/2013
EJBD EPA 747-R-95-010 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 05/16/2014
EJED NPCD EPA 747-R-95-010 OCSPP Chemical Library/Washington,DC 08/10/2001
EJED EPA 747-R-95-010 OCSPP Chemical Library/Washington,DC 08/10/2001
EKAM EPA 747-R-95-010 Region 4 Library/Atlanta,GA 02/23/2000
ELBD RPS EPA 747-R-95-010 repository copy AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 10/17/2014
ENAD EPA 747-R-95-010 Region 7 IRC Library/Kansas City,KS 07/12/2002
NTIS PB2001-105306 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 01/01/1988
Collation xi, 86 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Abstract Most studies on the effectiveness of interventions for reducing children's blood lead levels (PbB) have not distinguished declines in PbB due to program effectiveness from seasonal and age-related fluctuations in PbB. In this report, seasonal fluctuations and age effects in 1990-94 blood lead levels for a northern urban environment are studied, using data from 13,476 children screened for blood lead in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. The purpose was to determine whether there were seasonal and age trends, and if so, to estimate the magnitude of the trends. These estimates can then be used to help interpret studies with blood lead monitoring data, especially studies on the effectiveness of interventions to reduce blood lead levels. The Milwaukee data showed sizeable seasonal and age trends in Milwaukee children's PbB levels. Blood lead levels were about 40% higher in the summer than the winter, and about 15-20% higher at ages two to three years than at ages less than one year or ages five to seven years. Statistical methodology was developed to account for these fluctuations, so that the effectiveness of intervention programs may be quantified. These estimates are being used in studies of the effectiveness of lead interventions in Milwaukee.
Notes Includes bibliographical references (p. 42-43).
Supplementary Notes Color illustrations reproduced in black and white. Sponsored by Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Office of Pollution, Prevention, and Toxics.
Availability Notes Product reproduced from digital image. Order this product from NTIS by: phone at 1-800-553-NTIS (U.S. customers); (703)605-6000 (other countries); fax at (703)605-6900; and email at orders@ntis.gov. NTIS is located at 5285 Port Royal Road, Springfield, VA, 22161, USA.
Author Added Ent
Foster, C.;
Cox, David Charles,;
Cox, D. C.
Corporate Au Added Ent United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Chemical Management Division. Technical Programs Branch.; Milwaukee (Wis.). Health Department.; QuanTech, Inc.
PUB Date Free Form 1996
NTIS Prices PC A07/MF A02
BIB Level m
Medium unmediated
OCLC TAG 19s 43484331
OCLC Time Stamp 20140307135249
Cataloging Source OCLC/T
Language eng
Origin OCLC
Type CAT
OCLC Rec Leader 01755cam 22004694a 45020