OLS : Record


Main Title Use of short-term bioassays to evaluate environmental impact of land treatment of hazardous industrial waste
Author Brown, Kenneth Warren; Donnelly, K. C.; Thomas, J. C.
CORP Author Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, College Station.;Robert S. Kerr Environmental Research Lab., Ada, OK.
Publisher U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Robert S. Kerr Environmental Research Laboratory;
Place Published Ada, OK :
Year Published 1984
Report Number EPA-600/2-84-135; EPA-R-807701
Stock Number PB84-232560
OCLC Number 16209388
Subjects Environmental impacts; Hazardous materials; Solid waste disposal; Bioassay; Industrial wastes; Soil analysis; Mutagens; Chemical analysis; Toxicity; Extraction; Chromatographic analysis; Land disposal; Toxic substances; High pressure liquid chromatography
Subject Added Ent Factory and trade waste--Environmental aspects--United States; Waste disposal in the ground--Environmental aspects--United States
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library   Call Number Additional Info Location Date Modified
EMBD EPA/600/2-84/135 GWERD Library/Ada,OK 05/01/1992
NTIS PB84-232560 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 01/01/1988
Collation xxvii, 357 p. : ill. ; 28cm.
Abstract A four phase study was conducted to evaluate utility of short-term bioassays in monitoring environmental impact of land treatment of hazardous waste. During phase one, three microbial bioassays were conducted to define chronic toxic potential of each waste selected for study. Acid, base, and neutral fractions of each of three wastes studied induced genetic damage in at least two of the three bioassays. Phase two was conducted to evaluate efficiencies of blender and soxhlet extraction procedures, as well as potential interactions between known mutagens and soil components. Results indicate that there was no appreciable difference in mutagenicity of the extract using either procedure. Using the blender procedure extraction efficiency for pure compounds added to soil averaged greater than 85%, as measured by High Pressure Liquid Chromatography. Phase three consisted of a greenhouse study in which each of three wastes was applied to two soils. Results from chemical analyses indicate that waste constituents were degraded in soil during a 360 or 340 day interval. Increased mutagenic activity was exhibited in some soil and water extracts during this same interval. When compared on an equivalent volume basis, however, mutagenic potential of waste-amended soils was reduced over time and, in some cases, was reduced to a non-mutagenic level. Wood-preserving bottom sediment was applied to barrel-sized lysimeters in the final project phase to compare results of soil-core and soil-pore liquid monitoring. Different types of compounds were detected in soil-core and soil pore liquid samples.
Notes "Sept. 1984." "EPA-600/2-84-135." "PB84-232560."
Author Added Ent
Donnelly, K. C.;
Thomas, J. C.
Corporate Au Added Ent Robert S. Kerr Environmental Research Laboratory. ; Robert S. Kerr Environmental Research Laboratory.
PUB Date Free Form 1984.
NTIS Prices PC A17/MF A01
BIB Level m
OCLC Time Stamp 19920425123839
Cataloging Source OCLC/T
Language ENG
Origin OCLC
OCLC Rec Leader 01086nam 2200253Ia 45020