||Acute Exposure to Tris(2-Chloroethyl)Phosphate Produces Hippocampal Neuronal Loss and Impairs Learning in Rats.
Tilson, H. A.;
McLamb, R. L.;
Matthews, H. B.;
||Health Effects Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, NC. Neurotoxicology Div. ;National Inst. of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, NC.
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||Adult female, Fischer-344 rats were exposed to 275 mg/kg of tris(2-chloroethyl)phosphate (TRCP) by gavage. TRCP produced consistent signs of convulsive activity within 60-90 minutes after dosing and extensive loss of CA1 hippocampal pyramidal cells when examined 7 days after dosing. At the light microscopic level, toxic effects of TRCP on pyramidal cells in the CA3, and CA4 and granule cells in the dentate gyrus were less severe than on the CA1 cells. The seizure-related and neurohistological effects of TRCP were significantly attenuated by pretreatment with atropine or chlordizepoxide, suggesting that the hippocampal damage was related to the seizures produced by TRCP. In a second experiment designed to assess the potential health risk associated with TRCP, exposed rats were mildly impaired in the acquisition of a reference memory task in a water maze. However, TRCP-exposed rats were consistently impaired in performing a repeated acquisition task in the water maze. These data underscore the potential health risk associated with exposure to TRCP and support the conclusion that the hippocampus is intimately involved in spatial memory in rats. (Copyright (c) 1990 Academic Press Inc.)
||Pub. in Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology, v106 n2 p254-269 Nov 90. Prepared in cooperation with National Inst. of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, NC.
|NTIS Title Notes
||Reprint: Acute Exposure to Tris(2-Chloroethyl)Phosphate Produces Hippocampal Neuronal Loss and Impairs Learning in Rats.
||PC A03/MF A01