OLS : Record


Main Title Automobile and light truck fuel economy the CAFE standards / [electronic resource] :
Author Yacobucci, Brent D.
Publisher Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress,
Place Published Washington, D.C.
Year Published 2009
Report Number R40166
OCLC Number 312700923
Subject Added Ent Automobiles--Fuel consumption--Law and legislation--United States.; Automobile industry and trade--Law and legislation--United States.; Energy policy--United States.
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library   Call Number Additional Info Location Date Modified
EJBM POD Internet only Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 03/09/2009
Collation [16] p. : digital, PDF file.
Notes "January 27, 2009."--Copy cataloged. Includes bibliographical references. Title taken from PDF title screen (viewed March 6, 2009).
Contents Notes On April 22, 2008, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) released a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NOPR) that would establish fuel economy standards for model year (MY) 2011-MY2015 passenger cars and light trucks. The rulemaking follows up on the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA, P.L. 110-140), enacted in mid-December 2007, which restructured the automotive fuel economy program. It established a corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standard of 35 miles per gallon (mpg) by MY2020 for the combined passenger automobile and light truck fleet. However, to meet the combined standard, automakers will continue the practice of calculating the CAFE of their car and light truck fleets separately. The proposed rule would establish passenger car fuel economy at 31.2 mpg in MY2011, increasing to 35.7 mpg in MY2015. For trucks, the comparable goals for compliance are 25.0 to 28.6 mpg. Lastly, the design of the program will be attribute based; every model of new vehicle will have its own target, based on the vehicles size. Manufacturers passenger car fleets will be required to come within 92% of the overall standard for a given model year. Above that floor, manufacturers can earn credits for exceeding the standards in one vehicle class and apply credits to boost the CAFE of a different vehicle class that is short of compliance. Additionally, credits may be sold and bought among manufacturers. CAFE credits for the manufacture of flexible-fueled vehicles (FFV) were retained by EISA, but will be phased out by MY2020. Civil penalties assessed for non-compliance will be deposited to the general fund of the U.S. Treasury to support future rulemaking and to provide grants to U.S. manufacturers for R&D and retooling in support of increasing fuel efficiency. On January 26, 2009, President Obama directed NHTSA to finalize a rule for MY2011. An important development bearing on CAFE was the denial in late December 2007 of a waiver to the state of California by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) that would have permitted California (and other interested states) to set vehicle greenhouse gas standards under the Clean Air Act. Reducing fuel consumption could be one of the major tools for reducing vehicle emissions. A waiver would allow these states to require more stringent fuel economy of vehicles sold in those states than required by the new standards established by EISA. Some have suggested that language in the NOPR pre-empting states from regulating tailpipe emissions would be challenged in court if included in any final rule. On January 26, 2009, President Obama directed EPA to revisit the Agencys decision to deny the waiver. President Obama and members of his Administration had previously expressed support for granting the waiver, allowing Californias program to move forward. However, some court challenges to the program are ongoing, and their resolution will bear on the implementation of any future program. A November 15, 2007, decision by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit overturned a final rule issued by NHTSA for MY2008-MY2011 light trucks. The Court ruled that NHTSA had not conducted a sufficiently rigorous analysis to measure whether the standards would have a beneficial effect in improving environmental quality through reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. The analysis accompanying the NOPR for MY2011-MY2015 appears intended to address the deficiencies identified by the Court in the earlier rulemaking. This report supersedes CRS Report RL33413, Automobile and Light Truck Fuel Economy: The CAFE Standards, by Brent D. Yacobucci and Robert Bamberger.
Access Notes Mode of access: World Wide Web.; System requirements: Adobe Acrobat Reader.
Author Added Ent
Bamberger, Robert.
Corporate Au Added Ent Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service.
Title Ser Add Ent CRS report for Congress ; R40166.
PUB Date Free Form 2009-
Frequency Unknown
Series Title Untraced CRS report for Congress ; R40166.
BIB Level s
Medium electronic resource
OCLC Time Stamp 20090306104221
Cataloging Source OCLC/T
Language eng
Origin OCLC
Type CAT
OCLC Rec Leader 05090nas 2200373Ia 45020