OLS : Record


Main Title Field Manual for Coral Reef Assessments.
Author D. L. Santavy; W. S. Fisher; J. G. Campbell; R. L. Quarles
CORP Author National Health and Environmental Effects Research Lab., Gulf Breeze, LA. Gulf Ecology Div.
Year Published 2012
Report Number EPA/600/R-12/029
Stock Number PB2013-103271
Subjects Coral reefs; Assessments; Human activity; Integrity; Quality of water; Habitat; Watersheds; Coastal zones; Clean Water Act(CWA)
Library   Call Number Additional Info Location Date Modified
NTIS PB2013-103271 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS 07/24/2013
Collation 92p
Abstract The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is concerned over the decline of coral reefs in U.S. jurisdictions and around the world. Coral reefs provide citizens a variety of aesthetic and tangible benefits. When human activity impairs the physical, chemical or biological integrity of a waterbody containing a coral reef, it contradicts the goals of the Clean Water Act (Figure 1-1). Many national, state and local policies protect the quality of water and habitat in U.S. watersheds and coastal zones. Despite these policies, reefs have declined dramatically over the last forty years, particularly in the Caribbean and western Atlantic Ocean (Gardner et al. 2003). EPA has initiated two research programs with potential to improve coral reef protection. The Safe and Sustainable Water Resources Program (SSWR) supports development of coral reef biological criteria. Research is focused on developing methods and tools to support implementation of legally defensible biological standards for maintaining biological integrity, which is protected by the Clean Water Act (CWA). Under CWA authority and following national guidelines established by EPA (CWA 303), States and other jurisdictions promulgate water quality standards to protect the physical, chemical and biological integrity of the nations water bodies. States currently apply physical and chemical standards at levels intended to be protective of aquatic biological inhabitants. More recently, the importance of biological standards are gaining acceptance. Biological standards have the benefit of directly measuring the cumulative effects of good and poor environmental conditions on the biological community. Because the CWA is intended to protect aquatic resources from changes generated by human activities (not from natural changes in the environment), the anticipated outcome is regulatory protection that sustains reef condition equal or similar to a natural state.
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PUB Date Free Form Apr 2012
Category Codes 48B; 47
NTIS Prices PC A06
Document Type NT
Control Number 111300680
Cataloging Source NTIS/MT
Origin NTIS
Type CAT