Grantee Research Project Results
Haiti Clean Stove ProjectEPA Grant Number: SU835340
Title: Haiti Clean Stove Project
Investigators: Bond, Tami C.
Institution: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
EPA Project Officer: Lank, Gregory
Project Period: August 15, 2012 through August 14, 2013
Project Amount: $15,000
RFA: P3 Awards: A National Student Design Competition for Sustainability Focusing on People, Prosperity and the Planet (2012)
Research Category: Pollution Prevention/Sustainable Development , P3 Challenge Area - Cook Stoves
Charcoal use is a major contributor to the extensive deforestation in Haiti. According to USAID, approximately 70% of Haitian household needs are met with charcoal or firewood (Nexant, 2010).The team aims to design a Top-Lit UpDraft (TLUD) cookstove for the town of Leogane, Haiti which will: (1) be locally manufacturable; (2) use locally available, low quality biomass such as agricultural residues for fuel; (3) utilize char produced to continue cooking; and (4) result in the displacement of charcoal as the primary cooking fuel in Haiti. Providing Haitians with the means to produce improved cookstoves that utilize available low quality or waste biomass as fuel represents an opportunity to decrease charcoal demand and curb deforestation.Approach:
The team will work on an improved TLUD design on campus, based on observations of and input from Haitian businessmen, stove makers, vendors, and everyday stove users made during the site assessment trip in May 2012. Meanwhile, the project will liaise with local businessmen, Wilson H’Odiore and Fritz Pierre Louis, to develop the capability for local stove manufacturing and fuels processing. The student team will then return to Leogane in January 2013 to implement the new cookstoves.
The community will be seeded with an initial batch of cook stoves manufactured in Haiti, and educated on proper stove use. Waste biomass will be processed locally into a viable fuel and distributed alongside the stoves. Feedback will be gathered on the stove’s manufacturability and serviceability from artisans, as well as on its ease and frequency of use from stove purchasers.
While testing and designing, the team will hold regular outreach events on campus to raise awareness of TLUD stoves as a clean cooking method. Events will include a cook-off using TLUDs and presentations at several engineering fairs.Expected Results:
The project expects the following results: (1) stove performs better than standard 5 liter Water Boiling Test (WBT) benchmarks of 1500mg of particulate matter and 20g of carbon monoxide emissions; (2) stove design incorporates the capabilities of artisans and the desires of users; and (3) continued use by 75% of stove purchasers in Leogane at the end of P3 Phase I. Knowledge of existing literature on stove performance will be advanced and expanded upon with a handbook to serve as a framework for future implementation of TLUD technology in other communities.Supplemental Keywords:
pyrolysis, gasification, alternative energy source, renewable fuel, fuel efficiency, monitoring resource consumption, waste to energy, agricultural byproducts, biomass, sustainable economics, holistic design, environmental education.