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Extramural Research

2000 Progress Report: Elimination of VOC's in the Synthesis and Application of Polymeric Materials Using Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization

EPA Grant Number: R826735
Title: Elimination of VOC's in the Synthesis and Application of Polymeric Materials Using Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization
Investigators: Matyjaszewski, Krzysztof
Institution: Carnegie Mellon University
EPA Project Officer: Karn, Barbara
Project Period: October 1, 1998 through September 30, 2001
Project Period Covered by this Report: October 1, 1999 through September 30, 2000
Project Amount: $330,000
RFA: Technology for a Sustainable Environment (1998)
Research Category: Nanotechnology , Pollution Prevention/Sustainable Development

Description:

Objective:

Atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) uses a transition metal catalyst to prepare well defined (co)polymers with controlled molecular weight, polydispersity, composition, and functionalities. This innovative technique enables facile synthesis of novel environmentally friendly materials such as polar thermoplastic elastomers, coatings with the reduced amount of VOCs, or even solventless coatings. Other specialty materials such as efficient non-ionic surfactants, dispersants, lubricants, adhesives, etc., also are readily achievable. Thus, ATRP has a potential strong impact on various environmental aspects, and can help to reduce or eliminate VOCs from chemical processes, and to lower hazardous waste costs.

The proposed research is focused on further improvement of ATRP by performing fundamental studies to develop next generation catalysts (lower the amount of catalyst required and develop solid-supported catalysts), use of water-borne polymerization systems (suspensions, emulsion, homogeneous polymerizations), and develop environmentally friendly polymerization processes and products.

Progress Summary:

During last year, we have focused on three areas:
  1. Water as Reaction Medium for ATRP. As a continuation of the successful homo- and copolymerizations in aqueous dispersed systems demonstrated last year, the important parameters controlling the polymerization were further identified. A better mechanistic understanding of the novel system was achieved in terms of kinetics, molecular weight control, and colloidal stability. Stable latexes with particle size below 1 micrometer were obtained using conventional radical initiators or miniemulsion processes. These latexes potentially can be used as water-based coatings.
  2. Environmentally Friendly Products. A number of well-defined water-soluble homopolymers, amphiphilic block copolymers and gradient copolymers have been synthesized. These products potentially can be applied as non-ionic surfactants, thermoplastic elastomers, and blend compatilizers, etc.
  3. Improvement on the Catalytic System. Fundamental studies were carried out to gain a deeper understanding of the catalyst structures, and correspondingly, the activity in ATRP. The metal complex that remained in the polymer product can be removed effectively using ion exchanging resins.

Future Activities:

The research will be continued in the following areas: (1) further development of more efficient catalysts together with their recovery and potential recycling; (2) ATRP in water-borne systems including homogeneous polymerization of water soluble monomers, and heterogeneous polymerization with the goal of controlling the polymer composition and architecture; and (3) synthesis of more environmentally friendly polymeric materials.


Journal Articles on this Report : 8 Displayed | Download in RIS Format

Other project views: All 48 publications 15 publications in selected types All 14 journal articles

Type Citation Project Document Sources
Journal Article Davis KA, Charleux B, Matyjaszewski K. Preparation of block copolymers of polystyrene and poly (t-butyl acrylate) of various molecular weights and architectures by atom transfer radical polymerization. Journal of Polymer Science Part A-Polymer Chemistry 2000;38(12):2274-2283.
abstract available  
R826735 (2000)
R826735 (Final)
  • Abstract: Wiley Online-Abstract
    Exit
  • Journal Article Matyjaszewski K, Shipp DA, Qiu J, Gaynor SG. Water-borne block and statistical copolymers synthesized using atom transfer radical polymerization. Macromolecules 2000;33(7):2296-2298.
    abstract available   full text available
    R826735 (2000)
    R826735 (Final)
  • Abstract: ACS-Abstract
    Exit
  • Journal Article Matyjaszewski K, Qiu J, Shipp DA, Gaynor SG. Controlled/"living" radical polymerization applied in water-borne systems. Macromolecular Symposia 2000;155(1):15-29.
    abstract available  
    R826735 (1999)
    R826735 (2000)
    R826735 (Final)
  • Abstract: Wiley - Abstract
    Exit
  • Journal Article Matyjaszewski K, Qiu J, Tsarevsky NV, Charleux B. Atom transfer radical polymerization of n-butyl methacrylate in aqueous dispersed systems: a miniemulsion approach. Journal of Polymer Science Part A-Polymer Chemistry 2000;38(Suppl 1):4724-4734.
    abstract available  
    R826735 (2000)
    R826735 (Final)
  • Abstract: Wiley Online-Abstract
    Exit
  • Journal Article Matyjaszewski K, Ziegler MJ, Arehart SV, Greszta D, Pakula T. Gradient copolymers by atom transfer radical copolymerization. Journal of Physical Organic Chemistry 2000;13(12):775-786.
    abstract available  
    R826735 (2000)
    R826735 (Final)
  • Abstract: Wiley Online-Abstract
    Exit
  • Journal Article Matyjaszewski K, Pintauer T, Gaynor S. Removal of copper-based catalyst in atom transfer radical polymerization using ion exchange resins. Macromolecules 2000;33(4):1476-1478.
    abstract available   full text available
    R826735 (2000)
    R826735 (Final)
  • Abstract: ACS-Abstract
    Exit
  • Journal Article Pintauer T, Jasieczek CB, Matyjaszewski K. Electrospray ionization mass spectrometric study of CuI and CuII bipyridine complexes employed in atom transfer radical polymerization. Journal of Mass Spectrometry 2000;35(11):1295-1299.
    abstract available   full text available
    R826735 (2000)
    R826735 (Final)
  • Abstract from PubMed
  • Abstract: Wiley Online-Abstract
    Exit
  • Journal Article Qiu J, Pintauer T, Gaynor SG, Matyjaszewski K, Charleux B, Vairon J-P. Mechanistic aspect of reverse atom transfer radical polymerization of n-butyl methacrylate in aqueous dispersed system. Macromolecules 2000;33(20):7310-7320.
    abstract available   full text available
    R826735 (2000)
    R826735 (Final)
  • Abstract: ACS-Abstract
    Exit
  • Supplemental Keywords:

    water, air, chemicals, solvents, heavy metals, volatile organic compounds, VOC, waste minimization, green chemistry, waste reduction, innovative technology., RFA, Scientific Discipline, Sustainable Industry/Business, Environmental Chemistry, Sustainable Environment, Technology for Sustainable Environment, atom transfer radical polymerization, cleaner production, environmentally benign solvents, alternative materials, catalysts, chemical reaction systems, solvent substitute, pollution prevention, Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs), polymer design, alternative chemical synthesis, environmentally-friendly chemical synthesis, green chemistry

    Relevant Websites:

    http://polymer.chem.cmu.edu/ Exit EPA icon

    Progress and Final Reports:
    Original Abstract
    1999 Progress Report
    Final Report

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    The perspectives, information and conclusions conveyed in research project abstracts, progress reports, final reports, journal abstracts and journal publications convey the viewpoints of the principal investigator and may not represent the views and policies of ORD and EPA. Conclusions drawn by the principal investigators have not been reviewed by the Agency.

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