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Grantee Research Project Results

NCER Grantee Research Project Results

Environmental Reactivity, Persistence and Toxicity of Chloroacetamide Herbicides and Safeners: Toward the Design of ‘Greener’ Agrochemicals and Sustainable Agriculture

EPA Grant Number: FP916942
Title: Environmental Reactivity, Persistence and Toxicity of Chloroacetamide Herbicides and Safeners: Toward the Design of ‘Greener’ Agrochemicals and Sustainable Agriculture
Investigators: Sivey, John David
Institution: Johns Hopkins University
EPA Project Officer: Just, Theodore J.
Project Period: September 1, 2008 through August 31, 2011
RFA: STAR Graduate Fellowships (2008)
Research Category: Academic Fellowships

Description:

Objective:

The overarching goal of this project is to determine the environmental behavior of chloroacetamide agrochemicals, including both herbicides and safeners. Safeners are chemicals designed to protect crop plants from the harmful effects of herbicides. Chloroacetamide herbicides and safeners are widely used in the United States. This research will determine which chemical transformations are important in controlling the fate and persistence of chloroacetamides in the environment. The identity and persistence of chloroacetamide transformation products will also be determined. We hypothesize that some environmental transformation products may be of greater concern (i.e., more persistent and/or toxic) than the parent compounds. Predictive structure-reactivity-toxicity models for chloroacetamide herbicides and safeners will be developed.

Approach:

The reactivity of chloroacetamide herbicides and safeners in model environmental systems will be assessed. Specifically, the following reactions will be monitored in the laboratory:

  • Hydrolysis at environmentally relevant pH and ionic strength conditions
  • Reactivity with reduced mineral species under anoxic conditions
  • Substitution reactions with environmental and biological nucleophiles

To facilitate the construction of structure-reactivity models, additional experiments will be performed with analytes that are structurally-similar to chloroacetamide herbicides and safeners.

Expected Results:

This project will elucidate the rates, mechanisms and products of chloroacetamide transformations in environmental systems. The results of this work will facilitate the reverse engineering of “greener” agrochemicals. The impacts of this project include the protection human health, the preservation of at-risk water resources, and the advancement of agricultural sustainability.

Supplemental Keywords:

Herbicides, safeners, chloroacetamides, environmental transformations, degradates, agrochemicals, sustainability, environmental chemistry,

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The perspectives, information and conclusions conveyed in research project abstracts, progress reports, final reports, journal abstracts and journal publications convey the viewpoints of the principal investigator and may not represent the views and policies of ORD and EPA. Conclusions drawn by the principal investigators have not been reviewed by the Agency.

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