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Capstone Senior Design - Supramolecular Proton Exchange Membranes for Fuel Cells

EPA Grant Number: SU831899
Title: Capstone Senior Design - Supramolecular Proton Exchange Membranes for Fuel Cells
Investigators: Fuchs, Alan , Gecol, Hatice , Whiting, Wallace
Institution: University of Nevada - Reno
EPA Project Officer: Nolt-Helms, Cynthia
Project Period: September 30, 2004 through May 30, 2005
Project Amount: $10,000
RFA: P3 Awards: A National Student Design Competition for Sustainability Focusing on People, Prosperity and the Planet (2004)
Research Category: Nanotechnology , P3 Challenge Area - Energy , Pollution Prevention/Sustainable Development

Description:

In order to assume a leading role in the burgeoning hydrogen economy, new infrastructure will be required for fuel cell manufacturing and R&D capabilities. The objective of this proposal is the development of a new generation of advanced proton exchange membrane (PEM) technologies, based on advances in supra molecular chemistry and engineering, which will serve as the foundation for the development of PEM based membrane electrode assemblies (MEA's) and ultimately, fuel cells. PEM's are the most widely used membranes for fuel cell applications because of their low operating temperature and high power density. Sulfonated fluorocarbon membranes such as NafionTM, are currently the only standard membranes used in the industry, but factors like the cost of production and poor environmental resistance have led to the investigation of novel membranes. The goal of this proposal is the development of a new generation of PEM's, which offer advantages over the Nafion PEM's and can be used in the fabrication of prototype MEA's and fuel cells. This is the first time that supra molecular structures based on ionomeric polyimide, polybenzimidazole and polyoxazole copolymers and surfactants will be used for the synthesis of directional proton exchange membranes. The Polymer Science and Engineering (PS&E) Laboratory, Applied Surfactant Research Laboratory (ASRL) at the University of Nevada, Reno (UNR), have the synthesis, characterization instrumentation and device design capabilities needed to carry out this investigation. The outcome of this work will result in a new supra molecular PEM which will have high proton conductivity and be environmentally resistant. A major obstacle in the emerging area of energy storage and delivery will be overcome.

Publications and Presentations:

Publications have been submitted on this project: View all 1 publications for this project

Supplemental Keywords:

sustainable development, clean technologies, innovative technology, renewable, engineering, western, transportation, RFA, Scientific Discipline, INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION, TREATMENT/CONTROL, Sustainable Industry/Business, Chemical Engineering, Environmental Chemistry, Sustainable Environment, Technology, Technology for Sustainable Environment, pollution prevention, Environmental Engineering, energy storage options, cleaner production, clean technologies, alternative products, environmental sustainability, proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC), fuel cell energy systems, clean manufacturing, engineering, energy technology

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Project Description

Progress and Final Reports:
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The perspectives, information and conclusions conveyed in research project abstracts, progress reports, final reports, journal abstracts and journal publications convey the viewpoints of the principal investigator and may not represent the views and policies of ORD and EPA. Conclusions drawn by the principal investigators have not been reviewed by the Agency.

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