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Grantee Research Project Results

NCER Grantee Research Project Results

Optimizing Biofilter performance on hexane and gasoline contaminated air streams

EPA Grant Number: U914979
Title: Optimizing Biofilter performance on hexane and gasoline contaminated air streams
Investigators: Davidova, Yulya B.
Institution: University of California - Davis
EPA Project Officer: Jones, Brandon
Project Period: January 1, 1996 through July 28, 1997
Project Amount: $68,000
RFA: STAR Graduate Fellowships (1996)
Research Category: Fellowship - Environmental Engineering , Academic Fellowships , Engineering and Environmental Chemistry

Description:

Objective:

The objective of this research project is to develop and optimize biofilter performance for air streams contaminated with hexane and gasoline by performing a set of experiments designed to determine the performance of biofilter in response to temperature variations. Presently, most biofilters are monitored on a grab-sample basis, and very little information is available on process response to environmental variables. Laboratory systems operate at constant temperature, and literature is virtually empty with respect to temperature effects.

Approach:

Two factors suggested the relationship between temperature and the performance of the biofilter. First, during the experiments at University of California, Davis, a decrease of microbial population with a decrease of temperature have been observed. The decrease in population impacts the ability of the system to respond to an increase in loading of contaminant. Second, I found that compounds comprising the gasoline are removed sequentially in the biofilter. The more volatile compounds (e.g., pentane and hexane) are removed later in the column compared to more soluble materials (e.g., benzene and toluene). At lower temperatures, the less soluble, more volatile compounds are likely to pass through unremoved, unless design and operation accommodations are made. Biofilters are attractive because of low capital and operating costs. However, if process performance is highly temperature sensitive, monitoring restriction may be appropriate.

Expected Results:

The experiments that I will conduct will determine: (1) the effect of temperature on overall emissions from biofilters treating mixtures such as gasoline; (2) the effect of diurnal temperature variation on emissions; and (3) the necessity of diurnal monitoring for biofilters. Biofiltration is a technology in its infancy, and these experiments should define an important parameter for both the particular case of gasoline vapor treatment and for complex mixtures in general.

Supplemental Keywords:

fellowship, biofilter, biofilter performance, hexane, gasoline, temperature, temperature effects, emissions, gasoline vapor treatment., RFA, Scientific Discipline, Air, Toxics, Waste, Sustainable Industry/Business, Air Pollution Control, air toxics, cleaner production/pollution prevention, Sustainable Environment, Chemistry, VOCs, Technology for Sustainable Environment, Hazardous Waste, Chemistry and Materials Science, Engineering, Hazardous, Engineering, Chemistry, & Physics, Environmental Engineering, biofiltration, emission control strategies, hazardous waste treatment, Hexane, Superfund site remediation, emission control technologies, Superfund sites, biofilter, VOC removal, BTEX, emission controls, remediation, Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs), biofiltration systems, air emissions

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The perspectives, information and conclusions conveyed in research project abstracts, progress reports, final reports, journal abstracts and journal publications convey the viewpoints of the principal investigator and may not represent the views and policies of ORD and EPA. Conclusions drawn by the principal investigators have not been reviewed by the Agency.

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