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Extramural Research

Passive Sampling Devices (PSDs) for Bioavailability Screening of Soils Containing Petrochemicals

EPA Grant Number: R827015C002
Subproject: this is subproject number 002 , established and managed by the Center Director under grant R827015
(EPA does not fund or establish subprojects; EPA awards and manages the overall grant for this center).

Center: IPEC University of Tulsa (TU)
Center Director: Sublette, Kerry L.
Title: Passive Sampling Devices (PSDs) for Bioavailability Screening of Soils Containing Petrochemicals
Investigators: Lanno, Roman , Duncan, Kathleen E
Institution: Oklahoma State University , University of Tulsa
EPA Project Officer: Lasat, Mitch
Project Period: February 1, 1999 through January 31, 2000 (Extended to June 30, 2000)
Project Amount: Refer to main center abstract for funding details.
RFA: Integrated Petroleum Environmental Consortium (IPEC) (1999)
Research Category: Hazardous Waste/Remediation , Targeted Research

Description:

Objective:

Although total petrochemical levels in different soils may be similar on a chemical basis, biological responses may vary over 100-fold due to differing physical and chemical characteristics of the soil that affect chemical bioavailability. For example, organic matter content differs among soils and will sorb nonpolar compounds, reducing their bioavailabilty to soil organisms. This project examines the issue of bioavailability of hydrocarbons in soils. Due to the partitioning behavior of hydrocarbons in soil, total hydrocarbon measures (e.g., TPH) overestimate the amount of hydrocarbon that is actually available for degradation by microbes during bioremediation or for toxic action on soil-dwelling organisms. The bioavailability of chemicals in soils can be estimated indirectly by measuring toxicity to soil invertebrates or microbial activity, or directly by measuring the amount of chemical present in soil organisms. The objective of this study is to correlate various chemical measures of hydrocarbon availability in soil (e.g., TPH, semi-permeable membrane device uptake, solid-phase microextraction measures) with biological measures of bioavailability (e.g., microbial activity, types of microbes present, earthworm toxicity and bioaccumulation). These measurements will be conducted in the field at sites at the Tallgrass Prairie Preserve, Pawhuska, OK. Sites here have been subject to oil spills in Feb. 1999 and 1991, providing a dramatic gradient in total hydrocarbon. The ultimate goal of this research is to develop sensitive chemical measures of hydrocarbon bioavailability that are well correlated with and can reduce reliance on the more expensive and time-consuming biological measures of bioavailability.

Publications and Presentations:

Publications have been submitted on this subproject: View all 5 publications for this subprojectView all 120 publications for this center

Journal Articles:

Journal Articles have been submitted on this subproject: View all 1 journal articles for this subprojectView all 16 journal articles for this center

Supplemental Keywords:

RFA, Scientific Discipline, INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION, Geographic Area, Waste, Water, Ecosystem Protection/Environmental Exposure & Risk, POLLUTANTS/TOXICS, Sustainable Industry/Business, Bioavailability, Midwest, Contaminated Sediments, Remediation, Sustainable Environment, Chemicals, Chemistry, State, Technology for Sustainable Environment, Monitoring/Modeling, Analytical Chemistry, Hazardous Waste, Bioremediation, Biology, Engineering, Hazardous, Environmental Engineering, petroleum, degradation, petroleum contaminants, petrochemicals, oil biodegradation, Tallgrass Prairie Perserve, Pawhuska, OK, chemical contaminants, microbes, soils, petrochemical waste, soil, toxicity, bioremediation of soils, oil spills, passive sampling devices, hydrocarbons, measurement, sampling, oil removal, microorganism, passive sampling devicea (PSDs), hazardous waste identification, Oklahoma (OK), hazardous waste characterization

Progress and Final Reports:
1999 Progress Report
2000 Progress Report
Final Report


Main Center Abstract and Reports:
R827015    IPEC University of Tulsa (TU)

Subprojects under this Center: (EPA does not fund or establish subprojects; EPA awards and manages the overall grant for this center).
R827015C001 Evaluation of Road Base Material Derived from Tank Bottom Sludges
R827015C002 Passive Sampling Devices (PSDs) for Bioavailability Screening of Soils Containing Petrochemicals
R827015C003 Demonstration of a Subsurface Drainage System for the Remediation of Brine-Impacted Soil
R827015C004 Anaerobic Intrinsic Bioremediation of Whole Gasoline
R827015C005 Microflora Involved in Phytoremediation of Polyaromatic Hydrocarbons
R827015C006 Microbial Treatment of Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material (NORM)
R827015C007 Using Plants to Remediate Petroleum-Contaminated Soil
R827015C008 The Use of Nitrate for the Control of Sulfide Formation in Oklahoma Oil Fields
R827015C009 Surfactant-Enhanced Treatment of Oil-Contaminated Soils and Oil-Based Drill Cuttings
R827015C010 Novel Materials for Facile Separation of Petroleum Products from Aqueous Mixtures Via Magnetic Filtration
R827015C011 Development of Relevant Ecological Screening Criteria (RESC) for Petroleum Hydrocarbon-Contaminated Exploration and Production Sites
R827015C012 Humate-Induced Remediation of Petroleum Contaminated Surface Soils
R827015C013 New Process for Plugging Abandoned Wells
R827015C014 Enhancement of Microbial Sulfate Reduction for the Remediation of Hydrocarbon Contaminated Aquifers - A Laboratory and Field Scale Demonstration
R827015C015 Locating Oil-Water Interfaces in Process Vessels
R827015C016 Remediation of Brine Spills with Hay
R827015C017 Continuation of an Investigation into the Anaerobic Intrinsic Bioremediation of Whole Gasoline
R827015C018 Using Plants to Remediate Petroleum-Contaminated Soil
R827015C019 Biodegradation of Petroleum Hydrocarbons in Salt-Impacted Soil by Native Halophiles or Halotolerants and Strategies for Enhanced Degradation
R827015C020 Anaerobic Intrinsic Bioremediation of MTBE
R827015C021 Evaluation of Commercial, Microbial-Based Products to Treat Paraffin Deposition in Tank Bottoms and Oil Production Equipment
R827015C022 A Continuation: Humate-Induced Remediation of Petroleum Contaminated Surface Soils
R827015C023 Data for Design of Vapor Recovery Units for Crude Oil Stock Tank Emissions
R827015C024 Development of an Environmentally Friendly and Economical Process for Plugging Abandoned Wells
R827015C025 A Continuation of Remediation of Brine Spills with Hay
R827015C026 Identifying the Signature of the Natural Attenuation of MTBE in Goundwater Using Molecular Methods and "Bug Traps"
R827015C027 Identifying the Signature of Natural Attenuation in the Microbial Ecology of Hydrocarbon Contaminated Groundwater Using Molecular Methods and "Bug Traps"
R827015C028 Using Plants to Remediate Petroleum-Contaminated Soil: Project Continuation
R827015C030 Effective Stormwater and Sediment Control During Pipeline Construction Using a New Filter Fence Concept
R827015C031 Evaluation of Sub-micellar Synthetic Surfactants versus Biosurfactants for Enhanced LNAPL Recovery
R827015C032 Utilization of the Carbon and Hydrogen Isotopic Composition of Individual Compounds in Refined Hydrocarbon Products To Monitor Their Fate in the Environment
R830633 Integrated Petroleum Environmental Consortium (IPEC)
R830633C001 Development of an Environmentally Friendly and Economical Process for Plugging Abandoned Wells (Phase II)
R830633C002 A Continuation of Remediation of Brine Spills with Hay
R830633C003 Effective Stormwater and Sediment Control During Pipeline Construction Using a New Filter Fence Concept
R830633C004 Evaluation of Sub-micellar Synthetic Surfactants versus Biosurfactants for Enhanced LNAPL Recovery
R830633C005 Utilization of the Carbon and Hydrogen Isotopic Composition of Individual Compounds in Refined Hydrocarbon Products To Monitor Their Fate in the Environment
R830633C006 Evaluation of Commercial, Microbial-Based Products to Treat Paraffin Deposition in Tank Bottoms and Oil Production Equipment
R830633C007 Identifying the Signature of the Natural Attenuation in the Microbial Ecology of Hydrocarbon Contaminated Groundwater Using Molecular Methods and “Bug Traps”
R830633C008 Using Plants to Remediate Petroleum-Contaminated Soil: Project Continuation
R830633C009 Use of Earthworms to Accelerate the Restoration of Oil and Brine Impacted Sites

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The perspectives, information and conclusions conveyed in research project abstracts, progress reports, final reports, journal abstracts and journal publications convey the viewpoints of the principal investigator and may not represent the views and policies of ORD and EPA. Conclusions drawn by the principal investigators have not been reviewed by the Agency.

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